The Nature of Computation

Filename: the-nature-of-computation.pdf
ISBN: 9780191620805
Release Date: 2011-08-11
Number of pages: 1004
Author: Cristopher Moore
Publisher: OUP Oxford

Download and read online The Nature of Computation in PDF and EPUB Computational complexity is one of the most beautiful fields of modern mathematics, and it is increasingly relevant to other sciences ranging from physics to biology. But this beauty is often buried underneath layers of unnecessary formalism, and exciting recent results like interactive proofs, phase transitions, and quantum computing are usually considered too advanced for the typical student. This book bridges these gaps by explaining the deep ideas of theoretical computer science in a clear and enjoyable fashion, making them accessible to non-computer scientists and to computer scientists who finally want to appreciate their field from a new point of view. The authors start with a lucid and playful explanation of the P vs. NP problem, explaining why it is so fundamental, and so hard to resolve. They then lead the reader through the complexity of mazes and games; optimization in theory and practice; randomized algorithms, interactive proofs, and pseudorandomness; Markov chains and phase transitions; and the outer reaches of quantum computing. At every turn, they use a minimum of formalism, providing explanations that are both deep and accessible. The book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students, scientists from other areas who have long wanted to understand this subject, and experts who want to fall in love with this field all over again.


The Nature of Computation Logic Algorithms Applications

Filename: the-nature-of-computation-logic-algorithms-applications.pdf
ISBN: 9783642390531
Release Date: 2013-06-03
Number of pages: 446
Author: Paola Bonizzoni
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online The Nature of Computation Logic Algorithms Applications in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2013, held in Milan, Italy, in July 2013. The 48 revised papers presented together with 1 invited lecture and 2 tutorials were carefully reviewed and selected with an acceptance rate of under 31,7%. Both the conference series and the association promote the development of computability-related science, ranging over mathematics, computer science and applications in various natural and engineering sciences such as physics and biology, and also including the promotion of related non-scientific fields such as philosophy and history of computing.


The Nature of Computation

Filename: the-nature-of-computation.pdf
ISBN: UOM:39015004565928
Release Date: 1981-01-01
Number of pages: 397
Author: Ira Pohl
Publisher: Computer Science Press, Incorporated

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Rechnender Raum

Filename: rechnender-raum.pdf
ISBN: 9783663027232
Release Date: 2013-03-13
Number of pages: 70
Author: Konrad Zuse
Publisher: Springer-Verlag

Download and read online Rechnender Raum in PDF and EPUB Es ist uns heute selbstverständlich, daß numerische Rechenverfahren erfolgreich ein gesetzt werden können, um physikalische Zusammenhänge zu durchleuchten. Dabei haben wir entsprechend Bild 1 eine mehr oder weniger enge Verflechtung zwischen Mathematikern, Physikern und den Fachleuten der Informationsverarbeitung. Die mathematischen Lehrgebäude dienen dem Aufbau physikalischer Modelle, deren numerische Durchrechnung heute mit elektronischen Datenverarbeitungsanlagen er folgt. Die Aufgabe der Fachleute der Informationsverarbeitung besteht im wesentlichen darin, für die von den Mathematikern und Physikern entwickelten Modelle möglichst brauchbare numerische Lösungen zu finden. Ein rückwirkender'Einfluß der Daten verarbeitung auf die Modelle und die physikalische Theorie selbst besteht lediglich indirekt in der bevorzugten Anwendung solcher Methoden, die der numerischen Lö sung besonders leicht zugänglich sind. Das enge Zusammenspiel zwischen Mathematikern und Physikern hat sich sehr günstig in bezug auf die Entwicklung der Modelle theoretischer Physik ausgewirkt. Das mo derne Gebäude der Quantentheorie ist weitgehend reine bzw. angewandte Mathematik. Es scheint daher die Frage berechtigt, ob die Informationsverarbeitung bei diesem Zusammenspiel nur eine ausführende Rolle spielen kann, oder ob auch von dort be fruchtende Ideen gegeben werden können, welche die physikalischen Theorien selbst rückwirkend beeinflussen. Diese Frage ist umso berechtigter, als sich in enger Zusam menarbeit mit der Informationsverarbeitung ein neuer Zweig der Wissenschaft ent wickelt hat, nämlich die Automatentheorie. Im folgenden werden einige Ideen in dieser Richtung entwickelt. Dabei kann keinerlei Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit in der Behandlung des Themas erhoben werden.


Creative Code

Filename: creative-code.pdf
ISBN: 3764371080
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 239
Author: John Maeda
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Creative Code in PDF and EPUB Mit seinen unkonventionellen Thesen zum Umgang mit Computern im Bereich der Grafik hat der amerikanische Design- und Informatikprofessor John Maeda die Grafikwelt schokkiert. Er weist nach, dass nahezu alle zeitgenssischen Grafiker mit vorgefertigten Programmen arbeiten, durch die sie zu abhngigen Anwendern vorgefertigter Industrienormen werden. Somit bestimmen das Programm und seine Mglichkeiten das Endprodukt - und nicht mehr die Intuition und Absicht des Gestalters, der damit den zentralen Zugang zum schpferischen Prozess verliert. Dagegen setzt Maeda seine Vorstellungen, dass, wer wirklich schpferisch ttig sein will, wieder programmieren lernen muss: DNB = Design by Numbers heit sein selbst entwickelter, interaktiver Grundkurs der Programmierung, der der individuellen Kreativitt keine Programm(ier)grenzen setzt. Creative Code dokumentiert, dass DNB fr eine breite Schicht von Anwendern erlern- und anwendbar ist und prsentiert von Maeda ausgewhlte und kommentierte Arbeiten seiner Studenten.


Der t richte Engel

Filename: der-t-richte-engel.pdf
ISBN: 9783641032197
Release Date: 2009-10-02
Number of pages:
Author: Christopher Moore
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

Download and read online Der t richte Engel in PDF and EPUB Eine irrwitzige, herzerwärmende Komödie über den ganz normalen Weihnachtsterror. Weihnachten – eine besinnliche, eine friedliche Zeit: In einem Streit um Weihnachtsbäume erschlägt Lena Marquez ihren Exmann Dale, und ausgerechnet der kleine Josh muss das Unglück mit ansehen. Nun glaubt der Junge, der Weihnachtsmann sei ermordet worden, da Dale noch in einem Kostüm von Santa Claus steckte. Mit aller Inbrunst betet Josh gen Himmel, Santa möge wieder auferstehen, und tatsächlich wird sein Flehen erhört. Erzengel Raziel erweckt Dale zu neuem Leben, allerdings auch die anderen Toten vom Friedhof, die der weihnachtlichen Stille in Pine Cove ein jähes Ende bereiten ...


Einf hrung in die Kategorientheorie

Filename: einf-hrung-in-die-kategorientheorie.pdf
ISBN: 9783662470688
Release Date: 2015-07-27
Number of pages: 325
Author: Martin Brandenburg
Publisher: Springer-Verlag

Download and read online Einf hrung in die Kategorientheorie in PDF and EPUB Die Kategorientheorie deckt die innere Architektur der Mathematik auf. Dabei werden die strukturellen Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen mathematischen Disziplinen und ihren spezifischen Konstruktionen herausgearbeitet. Dieses Buch gibt eine systematische Einführung in die Grundbegriffe der Kategorientheorie. Zahlreiche ausführliche Erklärungstexte sowie die große Menge an Beispielen helfen beim Einstieg in diese verhältnismäßig abstrakte Theorie. Es werden viele konkrete Anwendungen besprochen, welche die Nützlichkeit der Kategorientheorie im mathematischen Alltag belegen. Jedes Kapitel wird mit einem motivierenden Text eingeleitet und mit einer großen Aufgabensammlung abgeschlossen. An Vorwissen muss der Leser lediglich ein paar Grundbegriffe des Mathematik-Studiums mitbringen.


Computation

Filename: computation.pdf
ISBN: 9810209827
Release Date: 1992
Number of pages: 162
Author: Bernardo A. Huberman
Publisher: World Scientific

Download and read online Computation in PDF and EPUB The laws and methodology of physics are starting to provide powerful insights into the nature and dynamics of computation. This book contains a number of articles that illustrate how fields ranging from quantum mechanics to statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics can help elucidate the nature of computation.



Boolean Functions and Computation Models

Filename: boolean-functions-and-computation-models.pdf
ISBN: 9783662049433
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Number of pages: 602
Author: Peter Clote
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Boolean Functions and Computation Models in PDF and EPUB The two internationally renowned authors elucidate the structure of "fast" parallel computation. Its complexity is emphasised through a variety of techniques ranging from finite combinatorics, probability theory and finite group theory to finite model theory and proof theory. Non-uniform computation models are studied in the form of Boolean circuits; uniform ones in a variety of forms. Steps in the investigation of non-deterministic polynomial time are surveyed as is the complexity of various proof systems. Providing a survey of research in the field, the book will benefit advanced undergraduates and graduate students as well as researchers.


G del Escher Bach

Filename: g-del-escher-bach.pdf
ISBN: 3608944427
Release Date: 2006
Number of pages: 844
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Klett-Cotta

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Nature of Computation and Communication

Filename: nature-of-computation-and-communication.pdf
ISBN: 9783319153926
Release Date: 2015-01-23
Number of pages: 371
Author: Phan Cong Vinh
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Nature of Computation and Communication in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the International Conference on Nature of Computation and Communication, ICTCC 2014, held in November 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The 34 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from over 100 submissions. The papers cover formal methods for self-adaptive systems and discuss natural approaches and techniques for computation and communication.


The Seasoned Schemer

Filename: the-seasoned-schemer.pdf
ISBN: 026256100X
Release Date: 1996
Number of pages: 210
Author: Daniel P. Friedman
Publisher: MIT Press

Download and read online The Seasoned Schemer in PDF and EPUB "drawings by Duane Bibby" foreword and afterword by Guy L. Steele Jr. "I learned more about LISP from this book than I have from any of the other LISP books I've read over the years. . . . While other books will tell you the mechanics of LISP, they can leave you largely uninformed on the style of problem-solving for which LISP is optimized. The Little LISPer teaches you how to think in the LISP language. . . an inexpensive, enjoyable introduction." -- Gregg Williams, Byte The notion that "thinking about computing is one of the most exciting things the human mind can do" sets both "The Little Schemer" (formerly known as "The Little LISPer" ) and its new companion volume, "The Seasoned Schemer," apart from other books on LISP. The authors' enthusiasm for their subject is compelling as they present abstract concepts in a humorous and easy-to-grasp fashion. Together, these books will open new doors of thought to anyone who wants to find out what computing is really about. "The Little Schemer" introduces computing as an extension of arithmetic and algebra -- things that everyone studies in grade school and high school. It introduces programs as recursive functions and briefly discusses the limits of what computers can do. The authors use the programming language Scheme, and interesting foods to illustrate these abstract ideas. "The Seasoned Schemer" informs the reader about additional dimensions of computing: functions as values, change of state, and exceptional cases. "The Little LISPer" has been a popular introduction to LISP for many years. It had appeared in French and Japanese. "The Little Schemer" and"The Seasoned Schemer" are worthy successors and will prove equally popular as textbooks for Scheme courses as well as companion texts for any complete introductory course in Computer Science. Download DrScheme - a graphical environment for developing Scheme programs


Physical Computation and Cognitive Science

Filename: physical-computation-and-cognitive-science.pdf
ISBN: 9783642413759
Release Date: 2013-10-12
Number of pages: 229
Author: Nir Fresco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Physical Computation and Cognitive Science in PDF and EPUB This book presents a study of digital computation in contemporary cognitive science. Digital computation is a highly ambiguous concept, as there is no common core definition for it in cognitive science. Since this concept plays a central role in cognitive theory, an adequate cognitive explanation requires an explicit account of digital computation. More specifically, it requires an account of how digital computation is implemented in physical systems. The main challenge is to deliver an account encompassing the multiple types of existing models of computation without ending up in pancomputationalism, that is, the view that every physical system is a digital computing system. This book shows that only two accounts, among the ones examined by the author, are adequate for explaining physical computation. One of them is the instructional information processing account, which is developed here for the first time. "This book provides a thorough and timely analysis of differing accounts of computation while advancing the important role that information plays in understanding computation. Fresco’s two-pronged approach will appeal to philosophically inclined computer scientists who want to better understand common theoretical claims in cognitive science.” Marty J. Wolf, Professor of Computer Science, Bemidji State University “An original and admirably clear discussion of central issues in the foundations of contemporary cognitive science.” Frances Egan, Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey


Computation in Living Cells

Filename: computation-in-living-cells.pdf
ISBN: 9783662063712
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Number of pages: 202
Author: Andrzej Ehrenfeucht
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Computation in Living Cells in PDF and EPUB This is the first monograph on computation in living cells - one of the central and fastest growing areas of research in this field. Gene assembly in ciliates (unicellular organisms) is a splendid example of such computations. This work has helped to clarify important biological aspects of gene assembly, yielded novel insights into the nature of computation, and broadened our understanding of what computation is about. The monograph gives an accessible account of both the biology and the formal analysis of the gene assembly process. It can be used as a textbook for either graduate courses or seminars.