Nature of Computation and Communication

Filename: nature-of-computation-and-communication.pdf
ISBN: 9783319153926
Release Date: 2015-01-23
Number of pages: 371
Author: Phan Cong Vinh
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Nature of Computation and Communication in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the International Conference on Nature of Computation and Communication, ICTCC 2014, held in November 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The 34 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from over 100 submissions. The papers cover formal methods for self-adaptive systems and discuss natural approaches and techniques for computation and communication.


The Nature of Computation Logic Algorithms Applications

Filename: the-nature-of-computation-logic-algorithms-applications.pdf
ISBN: 9783642390531
Release Date: 2013-06-03
Number of pages: 446
Author: Paola Bonizzoni
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online The Nature of Computation Logic Algorithms Applications in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2013, held in Milan, Italy, in July 2013. The 48 revised papers presented together with 1 invited lecture and 2 tutorials were carefully reviewed and selected with an acceptance rate of under 31,7%. Both the conference series and the association promote the development of computability-related science, ranging over mathematics, computer science and applications in various natural and engineering sciences such as physics and biology, and also including the promotion of related non-scientific fields such as philosophy and history of computing.


Quantum Information Computation and Communication

Filename: quantum-information-computation-and-communication.pdf
ISBN: 9781107014466
Release Date: 2012-07-19
Number of pages: 200
Author: Jonathan A. Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Quantum Information Computation and Communication in PDF and EPUB Based on years of teaching experience, this textbook guides physics undergraduate students through the theory and experiment of the field.


Handbook of Natural Computing

Filename: handbook-of-natural-computing.pdf
ISBN: 3540929096
Release Date: 2012-07-09
Number of pages: 2052
Author: Grzegorz Rozenberg
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Handbook of Natural Computing in PDF and EPUB Natural Computing is the field of research that investigates both human-designed computing inspired by nature and computing taking place in nature, i.e., it investigates models and computational techniques inspired by nature and also it investigates phenomena taking place in nature in terms of information processing. Examples of the first strand of research covered by the handbook include neural computation inspired by the functioning of the brain; evolutionary computation inspired by Darwinian evolution of species; cellular automata inspired by intercellular communication; swarm intelligence inspired by the behavior of groups of organisms; artificial immune systems inspired by the natural immune system; artificial life systems inspired by the properties of natural life in general; membrane computing inspired by the compartmentalized ways in which cells process information; and amorphous computing inspired by morphogenesis. Other examples of natural-computing paradigms are molecular computing and quantum computing, where the goal is to replace traditional electronic hardware, e.g., by bioware in molecular computing. In molecular computing, data are encoded as biomolecules and then molecular biology tools are used to transform the data, thus performing computations. In quantum computing, one exploits quantum-mechanical phenomena to perform computations and secure communications more efficiently than classical physics and, hence, traditional hardware allows. The second strand of research covered by the handbook, computation taking place in nature, is represented by investigations into, among others, the computational nature of self-assembly, which lies at the core of nanoscience, the computational nature of developmental processes, the computational nature of biochemical reactions, the computational nature of bacterial communication, the computational nature of brain processes, and the systems biology approach to bionetworks where cellular processes are treated in terms of communication and interaction, and, hence, in terms of computation. We are now witnessing exciting interaction between computer science and the natural sciences. While the natural sciences are rapidly absorbing notions, techniques and methodologies intrinsic to information processing, computer science is adapting and extending its traditional notion of computation, and computational techniques, to account for computation taking place in nature around us. Natural Computing is an important catalyst for this two-way interaction, and this handbook is a major record of this important development.


Natural Computing

Filename: natural-computing.pdf
ISBN: 4431538682
Release Date: 2010-02-18
Number of pages: 390
Author: Ferdinand Peper
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Natural Computing in PDF and EPUB This book is the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Natural Computing, IWNC 2009, held in Himeji International Exchange Center, HIMEJI, JAPAN on September 2009. IWNC aims to bring together computer scientists, biologists, mathematicians, electronic engineers, physicists, and humanitarians, to critically assess present findings in the field, and to outline future developments in nature-inspired computing.


Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication

Filename: quantum-computation-and-quantum-communication.pdf
ISBN: 9780387289007
Release Date: 2007-01-15
Number of pages: 223
Author: Mladen Pavicic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication in PDF and EPUB The field of quantum computing has experienced rapid development and many different experimental and theoretical groups have emerged worldwide.This book presents the key elements of quantum computation and communication theories and their implementation in an easy-to-read manner for readers coming from physics, mathematics and computer science backgrounds. Integrating both theoretical aspects and experimental verifications of developing quantum computers, the author explains why particular mathematical methods, physical models and realistic implementations might provide critical steps towards achieving the final goal - constructing quantum computers and quantum networks. The book serves as an excellent introduction for new researchers and also provides a useful review for specialists in the field


Handbook of Natural Computing

Filename: handbook-of-natural-computing.pdf
ISBN: 3540929118
Release Date: 2012-10-17
Number of pages: 2052
Author: Grzegorz Rozenberg
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Handbook of Natural Computing in PDF and EPUB Natural Computing is the field of research that investigates both human-designed computing inspired by nature and computing taking place in nature, i.e., it investigates models and computational techniques inspired by nature and also it investigates phenomena taking place in nature in terms of information processing. Examples of the first strand of research covered by the handbook include neural computation inspired by the functioning of the brain; evolutionary computation inspired by Darwinian evolution of species; cellular automata inspired by intercellular communication; swarm intelligence inspired by the behavior of groups of organisms; artificial immune systems inspired by the natural immune system; artificial life systems inspired by the properties of natural life in general; membrane computing inspired by the compartmentalized ways in which cells process information; and amorphous computing inspired by morphogenesis. Other examples of natural-computing paradigms are molecular computing and quantum computing, where the goal is to replace traditional electronic hardware, e.g., by bioware in molecular computing. In molecular computing, data are encoded as biomolecules and then molecular biology tools are used to transform the data, thus performing computations. In quantum computing, one exploits quantum-mechanical phenomena to perform computations and secure communications more efficiently than classical physics and, hence, traditional hardware allows. The second strand of research covered by the handbook, computation taking place in nature, is represented by investigations into, among others, the computational nature of self-assembly, which lies at the core of nanoscience, the computational nature of developmental processes, the computational nature of biochemical reactions, the computational nature of bacterial communication, the computational nature of brain processes, and the systems biology approach to bionetworks where cellular processes are treated in terms of communication and interaction, and, hence, in terms of computation. We are now witnessing exciting interaction between computer science and the natural sciences. While the natural sciences are rapidly absorbing notions, techniques and methodologies intrinsic to information processing, computer science is adapting and extending its traditional notion of computation, and computational techniques, to account for computation taking place in nature around us. Natural Computing is an important catalyst for this two-way interaction, and this handbook is a major record of this important development.


The Nature of Computation

Filename: the-nature-of-computation.pdf
ISBN: 9780191620805
Release Date: 2011-08-11
Number of pages: 1004
Author: Cristopher Moore
Publisher: OUP Oxford

Download and read online The Nature of Computation in PDF and EPUB Computational complexity is one of the most beautiful fields of modern mathematics, and it is increasingly relevant to other sciences ranging from physics to biology. But this beauty is often buried underneath layers of unnecessary formalism, and exciting recent results like interactive proofs, phase transitions, and quantum computing are usually considered too advanced for the typical student. This book bridges these gaps by explaining the deep ideas of theoretical computer science in a clear and enjoyable fashion, making them accessible to non-computer scientists and to computer scientists who finally want to appreciate their field from a new point of view. The authors start with a lucid and playful explanation of the P vs. NP problem, explaining why it is so fundamental, and so hard to resolve. They then lead the reader through the complexity of mazes and games; optimization in theory and practice; randomized algorithms, interactive proofs, and pseudorandomness; Markov chains and phase transitions; and the outer reaches of quantum computing. At every turn, they use a minimum of formalism, providing explanations that are both deep and accessible. The book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students, scientists from other areas who have long wanted to understand this subject, and experts who want to fall in love with this field all over again.


Theory of Quantum Computation Communication and Cryptography

Filename: theory-of-quantum-computation-communication-and-cryptography.pdf
ISBN: 9783642356568
Release Date: 2013-01-05
Number of pages: 153
Author: Kazuo Iwama
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Theory of Quantum Computation Communication and Cryptography in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes revised selected papers from the 7th Conference on Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication, and Cryptography, TQC 2012, held in Tokyo, Japan, in May 2012. The 12 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. They contain original research on the rapidly growing, interdisciplinary field of quantum computation, communication and cryptography. Topics addressed are such as quantum algorithms, quantum computation models, quantum complexity theory, simulation of quantum systems, quantum programming languages, quantum cryptography, quantum communication, quantum estimation, quantum measurement, quantum tomography, completely positive maps, decoherence, quantum noise, quantum coding theory, fault-tolerant quantum computing, entanglement theory, and quantum teleportation.


Open Problems in Communication and Computation

Filename: open-problems-in-communication-and-computation.pdf
ISBN: 9781461248088
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Number of pages: 236
Author: Thomas M. Cover
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Open Problems in Communication and Computation in PDF and EPUB Thomas M. Cover and B. Gopinatb The papers in this volume are the contributions to a special workshop on problems in communication and computation conducted in the summers of 1984 and 1985 in Morristown, New Jersey, and the summer of 1986 in Palo Alto. California. The structure of this workshop was unique: no recent results. no surveys. Instead. we asked for outstanding open prob~ lems in the field. There are many famous open problems, including the question P = NP?, the simplex conjecture in communication theory, the capacity region of the broadcast channel. and the two·helper problem in information theory. Beyond these well-defined problems are certain grand research goals. What is the general theory of information flow in stochastic networks? What is a comprehensive theory of computational complexity? What about a unification of algorithmic complexity and computational complex ity? Is there a notion of energy-free computation? And if so, where do information theory, communication theory, computer science, and physics meet at the atomic level? Is there a duality between computation and communication? Finally. what is the ultimate impact of algorithmic com plexity on probability theory? And what is its relationship to information theory? The idea was to present problems on the first day. try to solve them on the second day, and present the solutions on the third day. In actual fact, only one problem was solved during the meeting -- El Gamal's prob· lem on noisy communication over a common line.


Computing Nature

Filename: computing-nature.pdf
ISBN: 9783642372254
Release Date: 2013-03-21
Number of pages: 269
Author: Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Computing Nature in PDF and EPUB This book is about nature considered as the totality of physical existence, the universe, and our present day attempts to understand it. If we see the universe as a network of networks of computational processes at many different levels of organization, what can we learn about physics, biology, cognition, social systems, and ecology expressed through interacting networks of elementary particles, atoms, molecules, cells, (and especially neurons when it comes to understanding of cognition and intelligence), organs, organisms and their ecologies? Regarding our computational models of natural phenomena Feynman famously wondered: “Why should it take an infinite amount of logic to figure out what one tiny piece of space/time is going to do?” Phenomena themselves occur so quickly and automatically in nature. Can we learn how to harness nature’s computational power as we harness its energy and materials? This volume includes a selection of contributions from the Symposium on Natural Computing/Unconventional Computing and Its Philosophical Significance, organized during the AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, held in Birmingham, UK, on July 2-6, on the occasion of the centenary of Alan Turing’s birth. In this book, leading researchers investigated questions of computing nature by exploring various facets of computation as we find it in nature: relationships between different levels of computation, cognition with learning and intelligence, mathematical background, relationships to classical Turing computation and Turing’s ideas about computing nature - unorganized machines and morphogenesis. It addresses questions of information, representation and computation, interaction as communication, concurrency and agent models; in short this book presents natural computing and unconventional computing as extension of the idea of computation as symbol manipulation.


A Computable Universe

Filename: a-computable-universe.pdf
ISBN: 9789814374293
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 810
Author: Hector Zenil
Publisher: World Scientific

Download and read online A Computable Universe in PDF and EPUB This volume discusses the foundations of computation in relation to nature. It focuses on two main questions: What is computation? and How does nature compute?


Bio Inspired Computing and Communication

Filename: bio-inspired-computing-and-communication.pdf
ISBN: 9783540921905
Release Date: 2008-12-18
Number of pages: 428
Author: Pietro Liò
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Bio Inspired Computing and Communication in PDF and EPUB The book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the First Workshop on Bio-Inspired Design of Networks, BIOWIRE 2007, held in Cambridge, UK, in April 2007. The 35 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from many high quality submissions. All recent developments in the field of bio-inspired design of networks are addressed, with particular regard to wireless networks and the self-organizing properties of biological networks. The papers are organized in topical sections on biological networks, network epidemics, complex networks, bio-inspired network mode, network protocol in wireless communication, data management, distributed computing, and security.


Theory of Quantum Computation Communication and Cryptography

Filename: theory-of-quantum-computation-communication-and-cryptography.pdf
ISBN: 9783642180729
Release Date: 2011-01-14
Number of pages: 187
Author: Wim van Dam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Theory of Quantum Computation Communication and Cryptography in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th Conference on Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication, and Cryptography, TQC 2010, held in Leeds, UK, in April 2010. The 15 revised papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. Focussing on theoretical aspects of quantum computation, quantum communication, and quantum cryptography - part of a larger interdisciplinary field embedding information science in a quantum mechanical framework - the papers present current original research. Topics addressed include quantum algorithms, models of quantum computation, quantum complexity theory, simulation of quantum systems, quantum cryptography, quantum communication, quantum estimation and measurement, quantum noise, quantum coding theory, fault-tolerant quantum computing, and entanglement theory.


Global Trends in Computing and Communication Systems

Filename: global-trends-in-computing-and-communication-systems.pdf
ISBN: 9783642292194
Release Date: 2012-08-08
Number of pages: 807
Author: P. Venkata Krishna
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Global Trends in Computing and Communication Systems in PDF and EPUB This two-volume set, CCIS 0269-CCIS 0270, constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the International Conference on Global Trends in Computing and Communication, ObCom 2011, held in Vellore, India, in December 2011. The 173 full papers presented together with a keynote paper and invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 842 submissions. The conference addresses all current issues associated with computing, communication and information. The proceedings consists of invited papers dealing with the review of performance models of computer and communication systems and contributed papers that feature topics such as networking, cloud computing, fuzzy logic, mobile communication, image processing, navigation systems, biometrics and Web services covering literally all the vital areas of the computing domains.