Download and read online Madness Malingering and Malfeasance in PDF and EPUB In Madness, Malingering, and Malfeasance, R. Gregory Lande describes the struggle of the medical and legal professions and the U.S. government to cope with insubordination, substance abuse, and crime in the Civil War-era military. During the American Civil War, as in all wars, soldiers were wounded not just physically but emotionally as well. Good men traumatized by the violence of war were sometimes driven to their mental limits, while criminals and troubled individuals who had joined the ranks of the citizen armies found themselves in a more rigid environment in which to commit their transgressions. In the Civil War military, justice was swift and harsh and forgiveness difficult to come by. Citing numerous period documents, Dr. Lande demonstrates that the scientific understanding of mental illness and substance abuse was in its infancy during the mid-nineteenth century. He chronicles cases in which soldiers' mental afflictions or problems with severe alcohol abuse contributed to their misconduct, soldiers such as Leroy Shear, a.k.a. "Lorenzo Stewart," whose arrest after deserting from two different Union units resulted in an even more serious crime. Once charged with disobeying orders or committing a crime, soldiers faced an uncertain fate. While the requirements of military law have always differed from those of civilian law, Civil War troops did not have access to legal counsel unless they could afford to hire a lawyer themselves. The sad result was that many mentally ill, incompetent, and poor men were imprisoned for long periods or even put to death. Though a more sophisticated abuse developed after the war in the emerging field of forensic psychiatry, it would take many years for American society to reform the treatment of those deemed "criminally insane." Madness, Malingering, and Malfeasance shows that the effects of war unfolded in numerous compelling, tragic, and shocking events beyond the battlefield. It is an important contribution to the growing literature on the medical-legal aspects of the Civil War era.
Download and read online The Abraham Man in PDF and EPUB Some of the most celebrated civil and criminal trials in American history were argued under the shadow of the Abraham Man. Readers will delight in the detailed stories of long forgotten legal cases which bring the antics of the Abraham Man to life. Through the process, readers will follow the careers of notable Civil War surgeons whose post-war professional development shaped the future of modern mental health care. In addition, the book describes the promise of the asylum movement, prominent practitioners of the era, the politics, and eventual decline of institutional mental health care. Both readers and libraries will find The Abraham Man a refreshing, authoritative text replete with primary source documentation. The engaging narrative deftly weaves the history of science in the 19th century with evolving trends in legal practice. Throughout this period, the budding relationship between doctors and lawyers fashioned the foundation of modern medical legal practice. At every step along the path the Abraham Man sowed confusion and controversy, paradoxically contributing to more rigorous medical practice. The book will clearly tap into the public's modern fascination with forensic medicine. Professional readers, such as lawyers, doctors, and psychologists, will find The Abraham Man a valuable historical reference which still rings true after 150 years. Civil War aficionados will discover a fresh perspective and 'the rest of the story' about some famous soldiers. Medical history buffs will be enlightened by the devices and stratagems doctors employed to uncover malingering, in many cases the forerunners of modern diagnostic technologies.
Download and read online The Last and Greatest Battle in PDF and EPUB Nearly every day an active-duty soldier in the United States military resorts to suicide, and nearly every hour a veteran does the same. In recent years the problem of military suicides has reached epidemic proportions, but it's all too easy for most of us to gloss over the headlines or tune out the details. In The Last and Greatest Battle--the first book devoted exclusively to the problem of military suicides--John Bateson brings this neglected crisis into the spotlight. Bateson, the former executive director of a nationally certified suicide prevention center, surveys the history of suicide in the United States military from the Civil War to the present day and outlines a plan to save lives-and ultimately end the tragedy of military suicides. He uses the stories of individual soldiers to illuminate the unique challenges faced by American troops today. Transitioning from the front lines to the home front is difficult for many service members, and many need help both during and after their deployments. But even though the military is spending millions of dollars on suicide prevention programs, record numbers of soldiers continue to take their lives. To that end, Bateson outlines a plan of action. If the military works to remove stigma, to make treatment more effective and more accessible, and to limit risk factors for suicide in the first place by taking measures like reducing the number and length of deployments and adjusting pre-deployment training to take into account the way that wars are waged today, an end to the problem of military suicide is as possible as it is essential.
Download and read online Pathway to Hell in PDF and EPUB "Shell shock, battle fatigue, posttraumatic stress disorder, lacking moral courage-different terms for the same mental condition and a haunting presence in wars throughout history. This is the unique story of one young Pennsylvanian, Angelo M. Crapsey, who marched off to war with a patriotic chip on his shoulder only to stagger home two years later under the crushing burden that war had imposed on him. The specter of psychological destruction has marched beside all soldiers in all wars, forever standing at the ready to ravish minds. The topic became much too familiar to the American public in the aftermath of the Vietnam War. As veterans of World War II and Korea reach their advanced years, many of them are purging themselves of half-century-long nightmares. Sadly, we continue to fill casebooks with new stories of psychological damage inflicted on those now struggling in Iraq and Afghanistan. Yet rarely does the subject reveal itself when discussing America's great conflict, the Civil War. A public that venerates the many well preserved battlefields never seems to offer more than passing notice of the mindwasting terror that affected the men who fought there. That is why this book exists. Its detailed view of mental stress makes it almost unique in the vast literature of the American Civil War. Gleaned almost exclusively from extensive primary accounts, most previously unpublished and none well known, Pathway to Hell offers sobering insight into the horrors that war wreaked upon one young man. His voice is critical to a proper recounting and appears often in the telling, even though he seemed oblivious about what was happening to him. Other voices are heard as well, including those who influenced him before the war and who may have contributed to his destruction. It is also a tale of a town that fought both him and his ideals and is a fresh insight into a famous regiment in which he so nobly served. Lastly, it is a search - a necessarily frustrating one - for the reasons why it all happened. Equally as important to the author is his method of telling the story. This is an account of human suffering, of how one man did and did not deal with fear and overwhelming emotions. To recount it with dry, academic terminology would be to this soldier - indeed, all soldiers - a grave disservice because it would reach a smaller audience when we should all be made aware of what happened to Crapsey. With that goal in mind, the author constructed this book to reach the widest possible readership." "The psychological punishment that war metes out is a topic the reader mayor may not enjoy reading, but it is guaranteed that it will enlighten them."--BOOK JACKET.
Download and read online Psychological Consequences of the American Civil War in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Life and Limb in PDF and EPUB The contemporary perspectives - fiction, first-hand accounts, reportage and photographs - found in the pages of this collection give a unique insight into the experiences and suffering of those affected by the American Civil War. The essays and recollections detail some of the earliest attempts by medical professionals to understand and help the wounded, and look at how writers and poets were influenced by their own involvement as nurses, combatants and observers. So alongside the medical observations of figures such as Silas Weir Mitchell and William Keen, you'll find memoirs of writers including Louisa May Alcott, Ambrose Bierce and Walt Whitman. By presenting the wide range of frequently traumatic experiences by writers, medical staff, and of course the often ignored common foot soldiers on both sides, this volume will complement the older emphasis on military history and will appeal to readers of the evolution of medicine, of the literature the time, of social anthropology, and of the whole complex issue of how the war was represented and debated from many different perspectives. While a century and a half of developments in medicine, social care and science mean that the level of support and technology available to amputees is now incomparable to that in the mid-nineteenth century, the insights into the lives and thoughts of those devastated by psychological traumas, complex emotions and difficulties in adjusting to life after limb loss remain just as relevant today. Phenomena explored in the book, such as 'Phantom Limb Syndrome', continue to be the subject of medical and academic research in the twenty-first century.
Download and read online The History Essays in PDF and EPUB A collection of history research papers written by the author during his graduate coursework. Most of the articles relate to the American Civil War. The final paper included was honored by an academic conference as the top paper presented; it deals with the death of U.S. Army General Edward R.S. Canby. All in all, this collection is a valuable resource for students of American history. All material is copyrighted by the author.
Download and read online With a Sword in One Hand Jomini in the Other in PDF and EPUB Looks at the military texts available at the time of the Civil War and argues that the limitations of 19th-century military thought contributed to the length and human cost of the war.
Download and read online Treating Traumatic Stress Injuries in Military Personnel in PDF and EPUB Treating Traumatic Stress Injuries in Military Personnel offers a comprehensive treatment manual for mental health professionals treating traumatic stress injuries in both male and female veterans. It is the first book to combine the most recent knowledge about new paradigms of combat-related traumatic stress injuries (Figley & Nash, 2006) and offers a practical guide for treating the spectrum of traumatic stress injuries with EMDR, which has been recognized by the Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense clinical practice guidelines as one of the most studied, efficient, and particularly well-suited evidence-based treatments for military-related stress injuries. Russell and Figley introduce an array of treatment innovations designed especially for use with military populations, and readers will find pages filled with practical information, including appendices that feature a glossary of military terminology, breakdowns of rank and pay grades, and various clinical forms.
Download and read online American Misfits and the Making of Middle Class Respectability in PDF and EPUB How American respectability has been built by maligning those who don't make the grade How did Americans come to think of themselves as respectable members of the middle class? Was it just by earning a decent living? Or did it require something more? And if it did, what can we learn that may still apply? The quest for middle-class respectability in nineteenth-century America is usually described as a process of inculcating positive values such as honesty, hard work, independence, and cultural refinement. But clergy, educators, and community leaders also defined respectability negatively, by maligning individuals and groups—“misfits”—who deviated from accepted norms. Robert Wuthnow argues that respectability is constructed by “othering” people who do not fit into easily recognizable, socially approved categories. He demonstrates this through an in-depth examination of a wide variety of individuals and groups that became objects of derision. We meet a disabled Civil War veteran who worked as a huckster on the edges of the frontier, the wife of a lunatic who raised her family while her husband was institutionalized, an immigrant religious community accused of sedition, and a wealthy scion charged with profiteering. Unlike respected Americans who marched confidently toward worldly and heavenly success, such misfits were usually ignored in paeans about the nation. But they played an important part in the cultural work that made America, and their story is essential for understanding the “othering” that remains so much a part of American culture and politics today.
Download and read online Brigadier General Robert L McCook and Colonel Daniel McCook Jr in PDF and EPUB The dramatic battlefield deaths of brother Union Army commanders Robert L. McCook and Daniel McCook, Jr.--members of a prominent Ohio family known as "the Fighting McCooks"--drew the full attention of the news media and a war-weary nation. A veteran of Shiloh and Chickamauga, Colonel Daniel McCook was mortally wounded while leading his brigade in a reckless assault up Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864, on the orders of his friend and former law partner General William Tecumseh Sherman. Brigadier General Robert L. McCook distinguished himself in the western Virginia campaign before he was shot by a Rebel while riding in an ambulance in the summer of 1862. His death, in what was an apparent ambush, set off a firestorm of outrage throughout the North.
Download and read online Living Hell in PDF and EPUB Drawing on letters and soldier memoirs, examines the human cost of the Civil War, from the daily distresses faced by soldiers to the psychological damage survivors experienced.
Download and read online Civil Disobedience in PDF and EPUB This comprehensive A-Z encyclopedia provides a wealth of information on people, places, actions, and events that defied the law to focus attention on an issue or cause. It covers the causes and actions of activists across the political spectrum from colonial times to the present, and includes political, social economic, environmental, and a myriad of other issues.
Download and read online Ghosts and Shadows of Andersonville in PDF and EPUB The name Andersonville, from the American Civil War to the present, has come to be synonymous with "American death camp." Its horrors have been portrayed in its histories, art, television, and movies. The trial of its most famous figure, Captain Henry Wirz, still raises questions about American justice. This work unlocks the secret history of America's deadliest prison camp in ways that will spur debate for many years to come. However, more than a story of a notorious place of death, this work sets out to uncover unknown aspects of life among Americans immediately before and during the Civil War. Persons who found themselves connected with this prison tell the story of a new country in a period of rapid change. They include, among others, the mysterious figure known as Limber Jim, mercenary D. W. Vowles, sea captain Herbert Hunt, lawyer O. S. Baker, and even general William Tecumseh Sherman. This work uncovers the lost history of the prison itself, the least understood element of this massive human tragedy in Civil War Georgia. While a work of deep introspection and high adventure, it also corrects myths, misunderstandings, and major mistakes that have appeared in print and popular history.
Download and read online Responses to Self Harm in PDF and EPUB Self harm is generally regarded as a modern epidemic, associated especially with young women. But references to self harm are found in the poetry of ancient Rome, the drama of ancient Greece and early Christian texts, including the Bible. Studied by criminologists, doctors, nurses, psychologists, psychiatrists and sociologists, the actions of those who harm themselves are often alienating and bewildering. This book provides a historical and conceptual roadmap for understanding self harm across a range of times and places: in modern high schools and in modern warfare; in traditional religious practices and in avant-garde performance art. Describing the diversity of self harm as well as responses to it, this book challenges the understanding of it as a single behavior associated with a specific age group, gender or cultural identity.