Download and read online Game Theory and the Social Contract Just playing in PDF and EPUB In this second volume the author unveils his own controversial theory, which abandons the metaphysics of Immanuel Kant for the naturalistic approach to mortality of David Hume. According to this viewpoint, a fairness norm is a convention that evolved to co-ordinate behaviour on an equalibrium of a society's Game of Life. This approach allows the author to mount an evolutionary defence of Rawls' original position that escapes the utilitarian conclusions that follow when orthodox reasoning is applied with the traditional assumptions. Using ideas borrowed from the theory of bargaining and repeat games, the author is led instead to a form of egalitarianism that vindicates the intuitions that led Rawls to write his "Theory of Justice". Written for an interdisciplinary audience, the book aims to offer a panoramic tour through a range of insights that game theory brings to anthropology, biology, economics, philosophy and psychology.
Download and read online Game Theory in PDF and EPUB This advanced text introduces the principles of noncooperative game theory -including strategic form games, Nash equilibria, subgame perfection, repeated games, and games ofincomplete information - in a direct and uncomplicated style that will acquaint students with thebroad spectrum of the field while highlighting and explaining what they need to know at any givenpoint. The analytic material is accompanied by many applications, examples, and exercises.The theoryof noncooperative games studies the behavior of agents in any situation where each agent's optimalchoice may depend on a forecast of the opponents' choices. "Noncooperative" refers to choices thatare based on the participant's perceived selfinterest. Although game theory has been applied to manyfields, Fudenberg and Tirole focus on the kinds of game theory that have been most useful in thestudy of economic problems. They also include some applications to political science. The fourteenchapters are grouped in parts that cover static games of complete information, dynamic games ofcomplete information, static games of incomplete information, dynamic games of incompleteinformation, and advanced topics.Drew Fudenberg and Jean Tirole are Professors of Economics atMIT.
Download and read online Industrie konomik in PDF and EPUB Das Standard-Lehrbuch in diesem Bereich. Beginnend mit einer klaren und ausführlichen Darstellung des mikroökonomischen Theorie werden die verschiedenen für die Industrieökonomik relevanten Themenbereiche erarbeitet. Dabei nimmt auch die Darstellung von Markt-Unvollkommenheiten einen breiten Raum ein. Viele der Theorien werden mit Hilfe der Spieltheorie erläutert.
Download and read online A Course in Game Theory in PDF and EPUB Presents the main ideas of game theory at a level suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates, emphasizing the theory's foundations and interpretations of its basic concepts.
Download and read online Evolutionary Game Theory in PDF and EPUB This text introduces current evolutionary game theory -- where ideas from evolutionary biology and rationalistic economics meet -- emphasizing the links between static and dynamic approaches and noncooperative game theory. Much of the text is devoted to the key concepts of evolutionary stability and replicator dynamics. The former highlights the role of mutations and the latter the mechanisms of selection. Moreover, set-valued static and dynamic stability concepts, as well as processes of social evolution, are discussed. Separate background chapters are devoted to noncooperative game theory and the theory of ordinary differential equations. There are examples throughout as well as individual chapter summaries. Because evolutionary game theory is a fast-moving field that is itself branching out and rapidly evolving, Jörgen Weibull has judiciously focused on clarifying and explaining core elements of the theory in an up-to-date, comprehensive, and self-contained treatment. The result is a text for second-year graduate students in economic theory, other social sciences, and evolutionary biology. The book goes beyond filling the gap between texts by Maynard-Smith and Hofbauer and Sigmund that are currently being used in the field. Evolutionary Game Theory will also serve as an introduction for those embarking on research in this area as well as a reference for those already familiar with the field. Weibull provides an overview of the developments that have taken place in this branch of game theory, discusses the mathematical tools needed to understand the area, describes both the motivation and intuition for the concepts involved, and explains why and how it is relevant to economics.
Download and read online Strategies and Games in PDF and EPUB Game theory has become increasingly popular among undergraduate as well as business school students. This text is the first to provide both a complete theoretical treatment of the subject and a variety of real-world applications, primarily in economics, but also in business, political science, and the law. Strategies and Games grew out of Prajit Dutta's experience teaching a course in game theory over the last six years at Columbia University.The book is divided into three parts: Strategic Form Games and Their Applications, Extensive Form Games and Their Applications, and Asymmetric Information Games and Their Applications. The theoretical topics include dominance solutions, Nash equilibrium, backward induction, subgame perfect equilibrium, repeated games, dynamic games, Bayes-Nash equilibrium, mechanism design, auction theory, and signaling. An appendix presents a thorough discussion of single-agent decision theory, as well as the optimization and probability theory required for the course.Every chapter that introduces a new theoretical concept opens with examples and ends with a case study. Case studies include Global Warming and the Internet, Poison Pills, Treasury Bill Auctions, and Final Jeopardy. Each part of the book also contains several chapter-length applications including Bankruptcy Law, the NASDAQ market, OPEC, and the Commons problem. This is also the first text to provide a detailed analysis of dynamic strategic interaction.
Download and read online Frontiers of Game Theory in PDF and EPUB seventeen contributions reflecting the many diverse approaches in the field today
Download and read online Game Theory in the Social Sciences in PDF and EPUB Individuals, firms, governments and nations behave strategically, for good and bad. Over the last few decades, game theory has been constructed and progressively refined to become the major tool used by social scientists to understand, predict and regulate strategic interaction among agents who often have conflicting interests. In the surprisingly anodyne jargon of the theory, they ‘play games’. This book offers an introduction to the basic tools of game theory and an overview of a number of applications to real-world cases, covering the areas of economics, politics and international relations. Each chapter is accompanied by some suggestions about further reading.
Download and read online Game Theory for Wireless Communications and Networking in PDF and EPUB Used to explain complicated economic behavior for decades, game theory is quickly becoming a tool of choice for those serious about optimizing next generation wireless systems. Illustrating how game theory can effectively address a wide range of issues that until now remained unresolved, Game Theory for Wireless Communications and Networking provides a systematic introduction to the application of this powerful and dynamic tool. This comprehensive technical guide explains game theory basics, architectures, protocols, security, models, open research issues, and cutting-edge advances and applications. It describes how to employ game theory in infrastructure-based wireless networks and multihop networks to reduce power consumption—while improving system capacity, decreasing packet loss, and enhancing network resilience. Providing for complete cross-referencing, the text is organized into four parts: Fundamentals—introduces the fundamental issues and solutions in applying different games in different wireless domains, including wireless sensor networks, vehicular networks, and OFDM-based wireless systems Power Control Games—considers issues and solutions in power control games Economic Approaches—reviews applications of different economic approaches, including bargaining and auction-based approaches Resource Management—explores how to use the game theoretic approach to address radio resource management issues The book explains how to apply the game theoretic model to address specific issues, including resource allocation, congestion control, attacks, routing, energy management, packet forwarding, and MAC. Facilitating quick and easy reference to related optimization and algorithm methodologies, it supplies you with the background and tools required to use game theory to drive the improvement and development of next generation wireless systems.
Download and read online The Theory of Learning in Games in PDF and EPUB This work explains that equilibrium is the long-run outcome of a process in which non-fully rational players search for optimality over time. The models they e×plore provide a foundation for equilibrium theory and suggest ways for economists to evaluate and modify traditional equilibrium concepts.
Download and read online Decision and Game Theory for Security in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Decision and Game Theory for Security, GameSec 2013, held in Fort Worth, TX, USA, in November 2013. The 15 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The conference focuses on analytical models based on game, information, communication, optimization, decision, and control theories that are applied to diverse security topics. At the same time, the connection between theoretical models and real world security problems are emphasized to establish the important feedback loop between theory and practice. Observing the scarcity of venues for researchers who try to develop a deeper theoretical understanding of the underlying incentive and resource allocation issues in security, we believe that GameSec will fill an important void and serve as a distinguished forum of highest standards for years to come.
Download and read online Decision and Game Theory for Security in PDF and EPUB This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Decision and Game Theory for Security, GameSec 2011, held in College Park, Maryland, USA, in November 2011. The 16 revised full papers and 2 plenary keynotes presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on attacks, adversaries, and game theory, wireless adhoc and sensor networks, network games, security insurance, security and trust in social networks and security investments.
Download and read online Game Theory in the Social Sciences in PDF and EPUB This book by a recognized authority on game theory and its applications introduces social scientists in a variety of disciplines to this powerful methodology.
Download and read online Algorithmic Game Theory in PDF and EPUB In recent years game theory has had a substantial impact on computer science, especially on Internet- and e-commerce-related issues. Algorithmic Game Theory, first published in 2007, develops the central ideas and results of this exciting area in a clear and succinct manner. More than 40 of the top researchers in this field have written chapters that go from the foundations to the state of the art. Basic chapters on algorithmic methods for equilibria, mechanism design and combinatorial auctions are followed by chapters on important game theory applications such as incentives and pricing, cost sharing, information markets and cryptography and security. This definitive work will set the tone of research for the next few years and beyond. Students, researchers, and practitioners alike need to learn more about these fascinating theoretical developments and their widespread practical application.
Download and read online Applied Game Theory and Strategic Behavior in PDF and EPUB Useful Tools to Help Solve Decision Making Problems Applied Game Theory and Strategic Behavior demonstrates the use of various game theory techniques to address practical business, economic, legal, and public policy issues. It also illustrates the benefits of employing strategic thinking that incorporates the uncertainty surrounding the behavior of other parties. Real-world applications of game theory Exploring a variety of games, the book outlines the process of modeling game theory questions while thinking strategically. It introduces core concepts through simple examples and case studies taken from the authors’ consulting work in the automotive, beer, wine, and spirits industries as well as in debates over government regulation. The authors include newly developed software applications that can construct and solve game theory models and present strategic options in clear, visual diagrams. Out of the box and into the business world Striking the right balance between necessary mathematics and practical applications, this book shows how game theory can be used in real life, not just in mathematical models. It helps readers improve their strategic thinking, define games based on actual situations, model games with payoffs and probabilities, and make strategically sound decisions.