Dreams of lost humanity A Marxist analysis of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K Dick

Filename: dreams-of-lost-humanity-a-marxist-analysis-of-do-androids-dream-of-electric-sheep-by-philip-k-dick.pdf
ISBN: 9783668235069
Release Date: 2016-06-07
Number of pages: 26
Author: Martin Lausten
Publisher: GRIN Verlag

Download and read online Dreams of lost humanity A Marxist analysis of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K Dick in PDF and EPUB Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: A+, , course: Literary History and Theory, language: English, abstract: Published in 1968 "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" by Philip K. Dick, the novel is set in a post-apocalyptic near-future America, which is falling apart, after a nuclear war called World War Terminus. Animals are almost extinct and keeping and owning animals have become an obsession for the remaining society. The worst thing a human can do is to harm an animal or to feel nothing at the idea of harming an animal. Thus caring for an animal has become symbol of one's humanity. However, because genuine animals are extremely expensive very few people can afford them and so most people are forced towards the much cheaper electric animals to keep up the pretence. To own a real animal is a sign of distinction and prestige. Before the story's beginning Deckard owned a genuine sheep, but it died, and Deckard had to replace it with an electric one. Deckard's electric sheep leaves him discontent as he yearns for the prestige that would come with the ownership of a real animal. The novel is arguably as influential and relevant today as when it came out. Its social commentary and critique of a twenty-first century America in the grip of soul-crushing hyper-capitalism can be said to be poignant still. The works of Philip K. Dick and, in particular, Do Androids Dream has attracted a small army of scholars and theorist who have applied everything from psychoanalytical criticism to postmodernism. However, a Marxist criticism has not been applied to Do Androids Dream so far. Such a reading is the focus of this paper, as I find that there are several reference to Marxist theory. Throughout the novel, Dick provides a profound social commentary through the vision of a near-future dystopian society. Dick vividly demonstrates how consumerism and capitalism can create a society loaded with socialist elements, even in a world that has suffered nuclear war. Through Deckard who contemplates his place in society via his disdain of his electric sheep, Dick forces the reader to consider the importance of material possessions and how they can affect social status. One would assume that material things would have less significance in a world that has suffered a nuclear holocaust, however, Do Androids Dream shows the opposite; namely, a scenario where one's possessions in society are of the utmost importance. To illustrate how a dystopian society would still hold material possessions in such high regard, Dick embeds numerous Marxist elements into his work as h


Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep

Filename: do-androids-dream-of-electric-sheep.pdf
ISBN: 0575094184
Release Date: 2010
Number of pages: 193
Author: Philip K. Dick
Publisher: Orion Books

Download and read online Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep in PDF and EPUB World War Terminus had left the Earth devastated. Through its ruins, bounty hunter Rick Deckard stalked, in search of the renegade replicants who were his prey. When he wasn't 'retiring' them with his laser weapon, he dreamed of owning a live animal -- the ultimate status symbol in a world all but bereft of animal life. Then Rick got his chance: the assignment to kill six Nexus-6 targets, for a huge reward. But in Deckard's world things were never that simple, and his assignment quickly turned into a nightmare kaleidoscope of subterfuge and deceit -- and the threat of death for the hunter rather than the hunted . . .


Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep Omnibus

Filename: do-androids-dream-of-electric-sheep-omnibus.pdf
ISBN: 9781613984550
Release Date: 2015-12-02
Number of pages: 544
Author: Philip K. Dick
Publisher: BOOM! Studios

Download and read online Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep Omnibus in PDF and EPUB What's to Love: If you loved the 1982 Ridley Scott film Blade Runner, chances are you know it's based on Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? From 2009-2011, we published a 24-issue graphic interpretation of the novel as realized by artist Tony Parker. Now, for the first time, all 24 issues of the Eisner Award-nominated series are collected into one complete omnibus edition, featuring a brand-new cover by Mondo artist Jay Shaw and essays from Jonathan Lethem, Ed Brubaker, Warren Ellis, Matt Fraction, and more. What It Is: San Francisco lies under a cloud of radioactive dust. The World War has killed millions, driving entire species to extinction and sending mankind off-planet. Those who remain covet any living creature, and for people who can't afford one, companies build incredibly realistic fakes: horses, birds, cats, sheep...even humans. Rick Deckard is an officially sanctioned bounty hunter tasked to find six rogue androids. They're machines, but look, sound, and think like humans¡ªand infinitely more dangerous.


Earth Abides

Filename: earth-abides.pdf
ISBN: 9781473214330
Release Date: 2015-06-30
Number of pages: 320
Author: George.R. Stewart
Publisher: Hachette UK

Download and read online Earth Abides in PDF and EPUB In this profound ecological fable, a mysterious plague has destroyed the vast majority of the human race. Isherwood Williams, one of the few survivors, returns from a wilderness field trip to discover that civilization has vanished during his absence. Eventually he returns to San Francisco and encounters a female survivor who becomes his wife. Around them and their children a small community develops, living like their pioneer ancestors, but rebuilding civilization is beyond their resources, and gradually they return to a simpler way of life.


24 7 Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep

Filename: 24-7-late-capitalism-and-the-ends-of-sleep.pdf
ISBN: 9781781680933
Release Date: 2013-06-04
Number of pages: 144
Author: Jonathan Crary
Publisher: Verso

Download and read online 24 7 Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep in PDF and EPUB Capitalism’s colonization of every hour in the day 24/7: Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep explores some of the ruinous consequences of the expanding non-stop processes of twenty-first-century capitalism. The marketplace now operates through every hour of the clock, pushing us into constant activity and eroding forms of community and political expression, damaging the fabric of everyday life. Jonathan Crary examines how this interminable non-time blurs any separation between an intensified, ubiquitous consumerism and emerging strategies of control and surveillance. He describes the ongoing management of individual attentiveness and the impairment of perception within the compulsory routines of contemporary technological culture. At the same time, he shows that human sleep, as a restorative withdrawal that is intrinsically incompatible with 24/7 capitalism, points to other more formidable and collective refusals of world-destroying patterns of growth and accumulation.


Mark Z Danielewski s House of Leaves

Filename: mark-z-danielewski-s-house-of-leaves.pdf
ISBN: 9780375420528
Release Date: 2000
Number of pages: 709
Author: Mark Z. Danielewski
Publisher: Pantheon

Download and read online Mark Z Danielewski s House of Leaves in PDF and EPUB A family relocates to a small house on Ash Tree Lane and discovers that the inside of their new home seems to be without boundaries


Flicker

Filename: flicker.pdf
ISBN: 9781556525773
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 608
Author: Theodore Roszak
Publisher: Chicago Review Press

Download and read online Flicker in PDF and EPUB Jonathan Gates finds himself on an unwitting quest to discover the secret life of a forgotten director of silent movies, only to discover that the truth behind the director's strange films may be more sinister than he could ever imagine. Reprint.


Archaeologies of the Future

Filename: archaeologies-of-the-future.pdf
ISBN: 1844670333
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 431
Author: Fredric Jameson
Publisher: Verso

Download and read online Archaeologies of the Future in PDF and EPUB In an age of globalization characterized by the dizzying technologies of the First World, and the social disintegration of the Third, is the concept of utopia still meaningful? Archaeologies of the Future, Jameson's most substantial work since Postmodernism, Or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, investigates the development of this form since Thomas More, and interrogates the functions of utopian thinking in a post-Communist age. The relationship between utopia and science fiction is explored through the representations of othernessalien life and alien worldsand a study of the works of Philip K. Dick, Ursula LeGuin, William Gibson, Brian Aldiss, Kim Stanley Robinson and more. Jameson's essential essays, including "The Desire Called Utopia," conclude with an examination of the opposing positions on utopia and an assessment of its political value today.Archaeologies of the Future is the third volume, after Postmodernism and A Singular Modernity, of Jameson's project on the Poetics of Social Forms.


How We Became Posthuman

Filename: how-we-became-posthuman.pdf
ISBN: 0226321398
Release Date: 2008-05-15
Number of pages: 364
Author: N. Katherine Hayles
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online How We Became Posthuman in PDF and EPUB In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" Star Trek-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In How We Became Posthuman, N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost its body, that is, how it came to be conceptualized as an entity separate from the material forms that carry it; the cultural and technological construction of the cyborg; and the dismantling of the liberal humanist "subject" in cybernetic discourse, along with the emergence of the "posthuman." Ranging widely across the history of technology, cultural studies, and literary criticism, Hayles shows what had to be erased, forgotten, and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity. Thus she moves from the post-World War II Macy Conferences on cybernetics to the 1952 novel Limbo by cybernetics aficionado Bernard Wolfe; from the concept of self-making to Philip K. Dick's literary explorations of hallucination and reality; and from artificial life to postmodern novels exploring the implications of seeing humans as cybernetic systems. Although becoming posthuman can be nightmarish, Hayles shows how it can also be liberating. From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age, and of where we might go from here.


Retrofitting Blade Runner

Filename: retrofitting-blade-runner.pdf
ISBN: 0879725109
Release Date: 1991
Number of pages: 291
Author: Judith Kerman
Publisher: Popular Press

Download and read online Retrofitting Blade Runner in PDF and EPUB This book of essays looks at the multitude of texts and influences which converge in Ridley Scott's film Blade Runner, especially the film's relationship to its source novel, Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? The film's implications as a thought experiment provide a starting point for important thinking about the moral issues implicit in a hypertechnological society. Yet its importance in the history of science fiction and science fiction film rests equally on it mythically and psychologically resonant creation of compelling characters and an exciting story within a credible science fiction setting. These essays consider political, moral and technological issues raised by the film, as well as literary, filmic, technical and aesthetic questions. Contributors discuss the film's psychological and mythic patterns, important political issues and the roots of the film in Paradise Lost, Frankenstein, detective fiction, and previous science fiction cinema.


The Philip K Dick Reader

Filename: the-philip-k-dick-reader.pdf
ISBN: 0806537949
Release Date: 2016-01-26
Number of pages: 432
Author: Philip K. Dick
Publisher: Citadel Press

Download and read online The Philip K Dick Reader in PDF and EPUB Many thousands of readers consider Philip K. Dick the greatest science fiction mind on any planet. Since his untimely death in 1982, interest in Dick's works has continued to mount, and his reputation has been further enhanced by a growing body of critical attention. The Philip K. Dick Award is now given annually to a distinguished work of science fiction, and the Philip K. Dick Society is devoted to the study and promulgation of his works. Dick won the prestigious Hugo Award for the best novel of 1963 for The Man in the High Castle. In the last year of his life, the film Blade Runner was made from his novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? This collection includes some of Dick's earliest short and medium-length fiction, including We Can Remember It for You Wholesale (the story that inspired the motion picture Total Recall), Second Variety (which inspired the motion picture Screamers), Paycheck, The Minority Report, and twenty more.


Snow Crash

Filename: snow-crash.pdf
ISBN: 0553898191
Release Date: 2003-08-26
Number of pages: 480
Author: Neal Stephenson
Publisher: Spectra

Download and read online Snow Crash in PDF and EPUB One of Time’s 100 best English-language novels • A mind-altering romp through a future America so bizarre, so outrageous—you’ll recognize it immediately Only once in a great while does a writer come along who defies comparison—a writer so original he redefines the way we look at the world. Neal Stephenson is such a writer and Snow Crash is such a novel, weaving virtual reality, Sumerian myth, and just about everything in between with a cool, hip cybersensibility to bring us the gigathriller of the information age. In reality, Hiro Protagonist delivers pizza for Uncle Enzo’s CosoNostra Pizza Inc., but in the Metaverse he’s a warrior prince. Plunging headlong into the enigma of a new computer virus that’s striking down hackers everywhere, he races along the neon-lit streets on a search-and-destroy mission for the shadowy virtual villain threatening to bring about infocalypse. Praise for Snow Crash “[Snow Crash is] a cross between Neuromancer and Thomas Pynchon’s Vineland. This is no mere hyperbole.”—The San Francisco Bay Guardian “Fast-forward free-style mall mythology for the twenty-first century.”—William Gibson “Brilliantly realized . . . Stephenson turns out to be an engaging guide to an onrushing tomorrow.”—The New York Times Book Review


Fledgling

Filename: fledgling.pdf
ISBN: 1583228047
Release Date: 2011-01-04
Number of pages: 317
Author: Octavia E. Butler
Publisher: Seven Stories Press

Download and read online Fledgling in PDF and EPUB Fledgling, Octavia Butler’s last novel, is the story of an apparently young, amnesiac girl whose alarmingly un-human needs and abilities lead her to a startling conclusion: she is in fact a genetically modified, 53-year-old vampire. Forced to discover what she can about her stolen former life, she must at the same time learn who wanted—and still wants—to destroy her and those she cares for, and how she can save herself. Fledgling is a captivating novel that tests the limits of "otherness" and questions what it means to be truly human. From the Hardcover edition.


I Love Dick

Filename: i-love-dick.pdf
ISBN: 9781782832546
Release Date: 2015-11-05
Number of pages:
Author: Chris Kraus
Publisher: Profile Books

Download and read online I Love Dick in PDF and EPUB When Chris Kraus, an unsuccessful artist pushing 40, spends an evening with a rogue academic named Dick, she falls madly and inexplicably in love, enlisting her husband in her haunted pursuit. Dick proposes a kind of game between them, but when he fails to answer their letters Chris continues alone, transforming an adolescent infatuation into a new form of philosophy. Blurring the lines of fiction, essay and memoir, Chris Kraus's novel was a literary sensation when it was first published in 1997. Widely considered to be the most important feminist novel of the past two decades, I Love Dick is still essential reading; as relevant, fierce and funny as ever.


Zoo City

Filename: zoo-city.pdf
ISBN: 9781770098183
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Number of pages: 317
Author: Lauren Beukes
Publisher: Jacana Media

Download and read online Zoo City in PDF and EPUB "Zinzi has a talent for finding lost things. To save herself, she has to find the hardest thing of all - the truth. Zinzi has a Sloth on her back, a dirty 419 scam habit and a talent for finding lost things. But when a client turns up dead and the cops confiscate her last paycheck, she's forced to take on her least favourite kind of job - missing persons. Being hired by famously reclusive music producer Odi Huron to find a teenybop pop star should be her ticket out of Zoo City, the festering slum where the criminal underclass, marked by their animals, live in the shadow of the undertow. Instead, it catapults Zinzi deeper into the underbelly of a city twisted by crime and magic, where she'll be forced to confront the dark secrets of former lives - including her own. Set in a wildly re-imagined Johannesburg, it swirls refugees, crime, the music industry, African magic and the nature of sin together into a heady brew"--Bookseller's website.