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Download and read online College Placement Test Study Guide in PDF and EPUB College Placement Test Study Guide: Test Prep Book & Practice Test Questions for College Placement Exams Developed for test takers trying to achieve a passing score on college placement exams, this comprehensive study guide includes: -Quick Overview -Test-Taking Strategies -Introduction to College Placement Exams -Mathematics -Reading -Sentence Skills Test -Writing -Essay -Practice Questions -Detailed Answer Explanations Each section of the test has a comprehensive review that goes into detail to cover all of the content likely to appear on college placement exams. The practice test questions are each followed by detailed answer explanations. If you miss a question, it's important that you are able to understand the nature of your mistake and how to avoid making it again in the future. The answer explanations will help you to learn from your mistakes and overcome them. Understanding the latest test-taking strategies is essential to preparing you for what you will expect on the exam. A test taker has to not only understand the material that is being covered on the test, but also must be familiar with the strategies that are necessary to properly utilize the time provided and get through the test without making any avoidable errors. Anyone planning to take college placement exams should take advantage of the review material, practice test questions, and test-taking strategies contained in this study guide.
Download and read online Math Placement Test Secrets in PDF and EPUB ***Includes Practice Test Questions*** Math Placement Test Secrets helps you ace your college math placement test, without weeks and months of endless studying. Our comprehensive Math Placement Test Secrets study guide is written by our exam experts, who painstakingly researched every topic and concept that you need to know to ace your test. Our original research reveals specific weaknesses that you can exploit to increase your exam score more than you've ever imagined. Math Placement Test Secrets includes: The 4 Secret Keys to Math Test Success: Guessing is Not Guesswork, Practice Smarter, Not Harder, Prepare, Don't Procrastinate, Test Yourself; A comprehensive General Strategy review including: Make Predictions, Answer the Question, Benchmark, Valid Information, Avoid Fact Traps, Milk the Question, The Trap of Familiarity, Eliminate Answers, Tough Questions, Brainstorm, Read Carefully, Face Value, Prefixes, Hedge Phrases, Switchback Words, New Information, Time Management, Contextual Clues, Don't Panic, Pace Yourself, Answer Selection, Check Your Work, Beware of Directly Quoted Answers, Slang, Extreme Statements, Answer Choice Families; Along with comprehensive sections covering Arithmetic, Elementary Algebra, and College-Level Mathematics, and much more...
Download and read online COMPASS Exam Bob Miller s Math Prep in PDF and EPUB If You’re Taking the COMPASS Exam and Need Help with Math, Bob Miller has Your Solution!Bob Miller’s Math Review for the COMPASS ExamBob Miller has taught math to thousands of students at all educational levels for 30 years. His proven teaching methods help college-bound students succeed on the math portion of the COMPASS exam. Written in a lively and unique format, Bob Miller’s Math Review for the COMPASS Exam contains everything COMPASS test-takers need to know. Focused, easy-to-follow review chapters cover all the pre-algebra, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry skills tested on the exam. Drills and examples build skills and explain key concepts. The book includes two practice tests based on actual COMPASS test questions. Detailed explanations of answers help you identify your strengths and weaknesses while reinforcing your knowledge. Bob also gives you study tips, strategies, and confidence-boosting advice for test day, so you’ll be ready to tackle the COMPASS.Bob Miller’s Math Review for the COMPASS is just part of the equation! REA has also developed an all-new test prep for the verbal portion of the exam, Doug French’s Verbal Review for the COMPASS Exam. What is the COMPASS? The COMPASS is a computer-adaptive college placement exam used by high schools, technical schools, community colleges, and four-year colleges across the country. It evaluates the math, English language, and writing skill levels of incoming students. A high score on the COMPASS helps students advance to higher-level college classes.
Download and read online ACCUPLACER Bob Miller s Math Prep in PDF and EPUB Get a Higher Math Score on the Accuplacer with REA’s NEW Bob Miller Test Prep! If you’re one of the millions of students attending community college this year, REA has the perfect Accuplacer test prep for you - Bob Miller’s Math for the Accuplacer. Written in a lively and unique format, Bob Miller’s Math for the Accuplacer is an excellent tool for students who have been recently admitted to college and who want to improve their math skills before taking the Accuplacer exam. The book explains math concepts in a lively, easy-to-grasp style. Each chapter includes numerous step-by-step examples and exercises. Detailed explanations of solutions help students understand and retain the material. Bob’s targeted review section covers all the math topics tested on the Accuplacer, including arithmetic (17 questions on the test), elementary algebra (12 questions on the test), and college-level math (20 questions on the test). To help you get the most out of your Accuplacer preparation, Bob has included four practice tests for each section – for a total of 12 exams. Our test-taking advice, study tips, and exam strategies will prepare you for exam day, ease your anxiety, and help you boost your score. Packed with Bob Miller’s engaging examples and practical advice, this book is a must for any student preparing for the Accuplacer! What is the Accuplacer? The Accuplacer exam is used to determine which math courses are appropriate for newly enrolled college students. It is popular in community colleges and both two- and four-year schools.
Download and read online The Official SAT Subject Tests in Mathematics Levels 1 2 Study Guide in PDF and EPUB Provides full-length practice exams, sample questions and answers, and test-taking strategies.
Download and read online The Official SAT Study Guide in PDF and EPUB Offers test-taking strategies for the SAT, discussing each section and providing ten full-length tests, hundreds of practice questions, detailed reviews, a list of online resources, and coverage of the PSAT/NMSQT.
Download and read online AP Calculus AB in PDF and EPUB A NEWER EDITION OF THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE. SEE ISBN: 978-0-7386-0628-6 REA ... Real review, Real practice, Real results. Get the college credits you deserve. AP CALCULUS AB Completely aligned with today’s AP exam Are you prepared to excel on the AP exam? * Set up a study schedule by following our results-driven timeline * Take the first practice test to discover what you know and what you should know * Use REA's advice to ready yourself for proper study and success Practice for real * Create the closest experience to test-day conditions with 6 full-length practice tests * Chart your progress with full and detailed explanations of all answers * Boost your confidence with test-taking strategies and experienced advice Sharpen your knowledge and skills * The book's full subject review features coverage of all AP Calculus AB areas, such as antiderivatives, techniques of integration and the law of exponential change. Also covered are every possible exam topic, including elementary calculus, differential calculus, and integral calculus. * Smart and friendly lessons reinforce necessary skills * Key tutorials enhance specific abilities needed on the test * Targeted drills increase comprehension and help organize study Ideal for Classroom, Family, or Solo Test Preparation! REA has provided advanced preparation for generations of advanced students who have excelled on important tests and in life. REA’s AP study guides are teacher-recommended and written by experts who have mastered the course and the test.
Download and read online Doug French s Verbal Preparation for the COMPASS Exam in PDF and EPUB Provides a review of the COMPASS exam, featuring drills, test-taking strategies, a glossary of grammar, and two practice exams.
Download and read online Tsi Assessment Secrets in PDF and EPUB ***Includes Practice Test Questions*** TSI Assessment Secrets helps you ace the Texas Success Initiative Diagnostic and Placement Tests without weeks and months of endless studying. Our comprehensive TSI Assessment Secrets study guide is written by our exam experts, who painstakingly researched every topic and concept that you need to know to ace your test. Our original research reveals specific weaknesses that you can exploit to increase your exam score more than you've ever imagined. TSI Assessment Secrets includes: The 5 Secret Keys to TSI Exam Success: Time is Your Greatest Enemy, Guessing is Not Guesswork, Practice Smarter, Not Harder, Prepare, Don't Procrastinate, Test Yourself; A comprehensive General Strategy review including: Make Predictions, Answer the Question, Benchmark, Valid Information, Avoid Fact Traps, Milk the Question, The Trap of Familiarity, Eliminate Answers, Tough Questions, Brainstorm, Read Carefully, Face Value, Prefixes, Hedge Phrases, Switchback Words, New Information, Time Management, Contextual Clues, Don't Panic, Pace Yourself, Answer Selection, Check Your Work, Beware of Directly Quoted Answers, Slang, Extreme Statements, Answer Choice Families; Mathematics Review including: Elementary Algebra and Functions, Intermediate Algebra and Functions, Geometry and Measurement, Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability; Reading Review including: Literary Analysis, Main Idea and Supporting Details, Inference in a Text, and Author's Use of Language; Writing Review including: Essay Revision, Agreement, Sentence Structure, and Sentence Logic, and much more...
Download and read online The Best Test Preparation for the Advanced Placement Examinations in Government Politics in PDF and EPUB A NEWER EDITION OF THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE. SEE ISBN: 978-0-7386-0267-7 Get the AP college credits you've worked so hard for... Our savvy test experts show you the way to master the test and score higher. This new and fully expanded edition examines all AP US & Comparative Government & Politics areas including in-depth coverage of branches of the US government and US voting behaviors. The comprehensive review covers every possible exam topic: the entire US Federal government; a comparative review of the governments of England, France, the former Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China; US political institutions, public opinion, voting behavior and more. Features 3 full-length practice exams with all answers thoroughly explained. Follow up your study with REA's test-taking strategies, powerhouse drills and study schedule that get you ready for test day. DETAILS - Comprehensive, up-to-date subject review of every US & Comparative Government & Politics area used in the AP exam - 3 Full-Length Practice Exams: All exam answers are fully detailed with easy-to-follow, easy-to-grasp explanations - Study schedule tailored to your needs - Packed with proven exam tips, insights and advice TABLE OF CONTENTS About Research & Education Association Study Schedules Study Schedule for the AP Exam in U.S. Government & Politics Study Schedule for the AP Exam in Comparative Government & Politics Chapter 1 - Succeeding on the AP Government & Politics Exams About the Advanced Placement Program The AP United States Government & Politics Exam The AP Comparative Government & Politics Exam About the Review Sections Scoring the Exam Scoring the Multiple-Choice Section Scoring the Free-Response Section The Composite Score Scores that Earn College Credit and/or Advanced Placement Studying for Your AP Examination Test-Taking Tips Chapter 2 - United States Government & Politics Review Constitutional Framework The Federal Government Public Policy Political Institutions and Special Interests Public Opinion and Voter Behavior Civil Rights and the Supreme Court Answer Key Chapter 3 - Comparative Government & Politics Review Britain France The Former Soviet Union (Commonwealth of Independent States) The People's Republic of China Answer Key Practice Test 1 - AP Examination in U.S. Government & Politics Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 2 - AP Examination in U.S. Government & Politics Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 3 - AP Examination in Comparative Government & Politics Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Glossary ANSWER SHEETS APPENDICES including Annotated Articles of Confederation and United States Constitution Chapter 1 - Succeeding on the AP Government & Politics Exams This book will prepare you for the Advanced Placement Examinations in Government and Politics by giving you, first and foremost, an accurate and complete representation of the actual exams for both United States Government and Politics and Comparative Government and Politics. But REA doesn't stop there: we give you thorough yet concise topical reviews, a series of targeted drills, and an up-to-date glossary that comprises the full range of terminology with which you should be familiar. If you are taking the United States Government and Politics exam, you'll want to concentrate on the first part of this book. The second part of the book is devoted to the Comparative Government and Politics exam. In both cases, you'll find a lively course review keyed to exactly the material you'll need to know to score well on the test, complemented by our handy glossary to help you get the most out of your study time. Two complete practice exams are provided for U.S. Government and Politics, while one full-length practice exam is provided for Comparative Government and Politics. Each REA practice exam features an answer key and detailed explanations for every question. The explanations not only provide the correct response but also tell you why the remaining answers shouldn't be chosen. By going over the appropriate review section(s), taking the corresponding exam(s), and studying our detailed explanations, you will discover your strengths and weaknesses and prepare yourself to score well on the AP Government and Politics exams. About the Advanced Placement Program The Advanced Placement Program is designed to provide high school students with the opportunity to pursue college-level studies while still attending high school. The program consists of two components: an AP course and an AP exam. In addition, the AP in Government and Politics curriculum is divided into two courses: United States Government & Politics and Comparative Government & Politics. If you wish to pursue an Advanced Placement in Government and Politics course you may enroll in the United States course, the Comparative course, or both. You will be expected to leave the course(s) with college-level writing skills and knowledge of government and politics. Upon completion of the course(s), you may then take the corresponding AP exam(s). Test results are then used to grant course credit and/or determine placement level in the subject when you enter college. AP exams are administered every May. The exam schedule has been designed to allow you the opportunity to take both exams, if you are enrolled in both courses. If the United States exam is given during the morning administration, the Comparative exam will be given during the afternoon administration. The AP United States Government & Politics Exam The United States exam is 145 minutes in length and is divided into two sections: I. Multiple-Choice (50% of your grade): This 45-minute section is composed of 60 questions designed to measure your understanding of facts, concepts, and theories pertinent to United States government and politics. Your ability to analyze and understand data, and the patterns and consequences involved with political processes and behaviors will also be tested. In addition you must have knowledge of the various institutions, groups, beliefs, and ideas relevant to United States government and politics. II. Free-Response (50% of your grade): This 100-minute section consists of four mandatory questions, each of which accounts for one-fourth of your total free-response score. You should allot roughly 25 minutes - or one-quarter of the total time in the free-response segment - for each essay. Each question normally asks you to interrelate ideas from different content areas from among the topics listed below. In addition, you may also be asked to evaluate and define fundamental concepts in the study of United States politics, and possibly to analyze case studies that bear on political relationships and events in the United States. You will be required to demonstrate mastery of political interpretation, and analytic and organizational skills through writing. In addition, you may be presented with graphs, charts and tables from whose data you would be asked to draw logical conclusions. Here's a breakdown of coverage on the United States exam: Topics / % of Exam I. Constitutional Underpinnings of United States Government / 5-15% II. Political Beliefs and Behaviors / 10-20% III. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media / 10-20% IV. Institutions of National Government: The Congress, the Presidency, the Bureaucracy, and the Federal Courts / 35-45% V. Public Policy / 5-15% VI. Civil Rights and Civil Liberties / 5-15% The AP Comparative Government & Politics Exam The Comparative exam is 145 minutes long and is divided into two sections: I. Multiple-Choice (50% of your grade): This 45-minute section is composed of 60 questions designed to measure your understanding of facts, concepts, and theories pertinent to Comparative government and politics. Your ability to analyze and understand data, and the patterns and consequences involved with political processes and behaviors will also be tested. The countries normally tested in the multiple-choice questions include Great Britain, France, the former Soviet Union (Commonwealth of Independent States), and China; these are referred to as the core countries tested on the exam. For certain questions, basic knowledge of the United States will be assumed. II. Free-Response (50% of your grade): This 100-minute section consists of four mandatory questions, each of which accounts for one-fourth of your total free-response score. You should allot roughly 25 minutes - or one-quarter of the total time in the free-response segment - for each essay. Comparative Free-Response questions may require you to compare one or two of the core countries (Great Britain, France, China, and the former Soviet Union) with the developing nations of either India, Mexico, or Nigeria. To do this, you must be able to demonstrate knowledge of the politics of one of these developing nations. Here's a breakdown of coverage on the Comparative exam: Topics / % of Exam I. The Sources of Public Authority and Political Power / 5-15% II. Society and Politics / 5-15% III. The Relationship Between Citizen and State / 5-15% IV. Political and Institutional Frameworks / 35-45% V. Political Change / 15-25% VI. The Comparative Method / 5-10% About the Review Sections As mentioned earlier, this book includes two reviews: one for United States Government and Politics, the other for Comparative Government and Politics. The United States Government and Politics Review covers all of the key information you'll need to score well on the United States exam. These topics include: - Constitutional Framework - The Federal Government - Political Institutions and Special Interests - Public Opinion and Voter Behavior - Civil Rights and the Supreme Court We also provide a glossary for the United States Government and Politics exam. Included are the key historical figures, court cases, programs, laws, etc., that often appear on this AP exam. The Comparative Review provides a thorough discussion of the material most often tested on the Comparative exam. Special emphasis is placed on the governments and politics of: - Britain - France - The former Soviet Union - The People's Republic of China A glossary for the Comparative Government and Politics exam enables you to brush up on terms that you are likely to encounter on this test. Scoring the Exam After the AP administrations, more than 1,700 college professors and secondary school teachers are brought together to grade the exams during the first two weeks of June. These readers are chosen from around the United States for their familiarity with the AP program. The Multiple-Choice sections of the Comparative Government & Politics and U.S. Government & Politics exams are scored by granting one point for each correct answer and deducting one-fourth of a point for each incorrect answer. Unanswered questions receive neither credit nor deduction. The Free-Response answers are read and scored using a specific set of objective criteria, but the actual points available for each question may vary from administration to administration. For purposes of this discussion - and REA's practice tests - the Comparative exam questions will yield a score between 0 and 9 (with 0 being the lowest and 9 the highest) on Free-Response Part I, and a score of between 0 and 5 (with 0 being the lowest and 5 the highest) on Free-Response Part II. All four Free-Response items on our U.S. Government practice exam are scored on the 0-to-9 scale. Once the responses are graded, the scores can be converted. The AP Government and Politics exam is based on a 120-point scale. The breakdown of the percentages and points is as follows (note that the available free-response points will vary): Once raw scores have been obtained for each section, they are weighted to produce a composite score. Then the composite scores for each section are added together to form a total composite score for the exam. The range for the composite score is from 0 to 120. Finally, the composite score is translated into a range of from 1 to 5, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest. Scoring the Multiple-Choice Section Use this formula to calculate your raw score for the multiple-choice section: (# right answers) - (# wrong x 1/4) = raw score round off to nearest whole number; if the number is less than zero, enter zero Scoring the Free-Response Section The following guide explains typical free-response scoring criteria: Score Explanation of Score 8-9 The thesis is extremely well developed and is supported with concrete evidence; all aspects of the question have been addressed thoroughly; discussions presented are balanced. 6-7 The thesis is defined and supported; the evidence provided is very organized; the essay may be slightly imbalanced with one strong argument and one weak argument and/or discuss one topic more thoroughly than the next; sporadic factual errors may appear. 5 A basic argument or thesis is provided; evidence given supports the argument or thesis, but does not clearly connect with the argument or thesis; only the formal facets of the question are dealt with, and informal facets are not adequately covered; not all aspects of the question are discussed. 4 The thesis is not organized and is not referred to in the essay; the essay is little more than a recounting of facts and events; the essay may be overloaded with data; only one facet of the questions may be discussed; numerous factual errors may appear. 3 The thesis is weak; evidence provided in support does not apply to the thesis; factual errors are apparent. 2 The thesis is very weak; little or no factual evidence is provided to support the thesis; irrelevant and inaccurate information appears. 1 An attempt is made to answer the question, but the support given is insignificant and the coverage of topics is incomplete. 0 The question is not answered with any significance. Free-Response Part II (Comparative only) Score Explanation of Score 5 The thesis is extremely well developed and is supported with concrete evidence; all aspects of the question have been addressed thoroughly; discussions are presented in a balanced way. 4 The thesis is defined and supported; the evidence provided is very organized; the essay may be slightly imbalanced, with one strong argument and one weak argument; likewise, one topic may be more thoroughly explored than another; may be marred by sporadic factual errors. 3 A basic argument or thesis is presented; evidence given supports the argument or thesis, but does not clearly connect with the argument or thesis; only the formal facets of the question are dealt with, and informal facets are not adequately covered; not all aspects of the question are discussed. 2 The thesis is weak; evidence provided in support does not apply to the thesis; factual errors are apparent. 1 An attempt is made to answer the question, but the support given is insignificant and the coverage of topics is incomplete. 0 The question is not answered with any significance. It would be extremely helpful to find someone who is willing to score your essay - your teachers or anyone who is familiar with the test material. If you do, ask the person to assign each of your U.S. and Comparative (Part I) essays a score of 0 to 9. For your Comparative (Part II) essays, use the 0-to-5 scale. If you must grade your own essays, try to be objective! In addition, you may want to give your essays three different grades. For instance, if you feel you did well, try giving the essay a score of 5, 6, or 7 to represent the various scores you may receive. By underestimating what your score may be, you are more likely to receive a better score on the actual exam. Use the following formulae to determine your raw score for the Free-Response section: United States Exam (Free-Response) Response (1) score x 1.66 = raw score Response (2) score x 1.66 = raw score Response (3) score x 1.66 = raw score Response (4) score x 1.66 = raw score Comparative Exam Response (1) score x 1.66 = raw score Response (2) score x 1.66 = raw score Response (3) score x 3 = raw score Response (4) score x 3 = raw score The Composite Score Once you have obtained your raw scores for both the Multiple-Choice and the Free-Response sections, add the scores together to get your composite score: United States Exam Multiple-Choice raw score + Free-Response raw score = composite score (round to nearest whole number) Score Essay 1 + Score Essay 2 + Score Essay 3 + Score Essay 4 = raw score Comparative Exam Multiple-Choice raw score + Free-Response raw score = composite score (round to nearest whole number) Now compare your composite score with the scale below: Composite Score / AP Grade 88 - 120 / 5 74 - 87 / 4 54 - 73 / 3 35 - 53 / 2 0 - 34 / 1 AP grades are interpreted as follows: 5-extremely well qualified, 4-well qualified, 3-qualified, 2-possibly qualified, and 1-no recommendation. Scores that Earn College Credit and/or Advanced Placement Most colleges grant students who earn a 3 or above college credit and/or advanced placement. You should check with your school guidance office about specific college requirements. Studying for Your AP Examination It is never too early to start studying. The earlier you begin, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to study, since it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material. It is very important for you to choose the time and place for studying that works best for you. Some students may set aside a certain number of hours every morning to study, while others may choose to study at night before going to sleep. Other students may study during the day, while waiting on a line, or even while eating lunch. Only you can determine when and where your study time will be most effective. But, be consistent and use your time wisely. Work out a study routine and stick to it! When you take the practice exam(s), try to make your testing conditions as much like the actual test as possible. Turn your television and radio off, and sit down at a quiet table free from distraction. Make sure to time yourself. As you complete the practice test(s), score your test(s) and thoroughly review the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly, but do not review too much during any one sitting. Concentrate on one problem area at a time by reviewing the question and explanation, and by studying our review(s) until you are confident that you completely understand the material. Since you will be allowed to write in your test booklet during the actual exam, you may want to write in the margins and spaces of this book when practicing. However, do not make miscellaneous notes on your answer sheet. Mark your answers clearly and make sure the answer you have chosen corresponds to the question you are answering. Keep track of your scores! By doing so, you will be able to gauge your progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections. You should carefully study the reviews that cover the topics causing you difficulty, as this will build your skills in those areas. To get the most out of your studying time, we recommend that you follow the Study Schedule which corresponds to the exam you are taking. It details how you can best budget your time. If you are taking both exams, do not try to study for each at the same time. Try alternating days by studying for the United States exam one day and the Comparative exam the next. Test-Taking Tips Although you may be unfamiliar with tests such as the Advanced Placement exams, there are many ways to acquaint yourself with this type of examination and help alleviate your test-taking anxieties. Listed below are ways to help yourself become accustomed to the AP exam, some of which may also be applied to other standardized tests. Become comfortable with the format of the AP Examination in Government and Politics that you are taking. When you are practicing to take the exam(s), simulate the conditions under which you will be taking the actual test(s). You should practice under the same time constraints as well. Stay calm and pace yourself. After simulating the test only a couple of times, you will boost your chances of doing well, and you will be able to sit down for the actual test much more confidently. Know the directions and format for each section of the exam. Familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the different test sections will not only save you time, but will also ensure that you are familiar enough with the AP exam to avoid nervousness (and the mistakes caused by being nervous). Work on the easier questions first. If you find yourself working too long on one question, make a mark next to it in your test booklet and continue. After you have answered all of the questions that you can, go back to the ones you have skipped. Use the process of elimination when you are unsure of an answer. If you can eliminate three of the answer choices, you have given yourself a fifty-fifty chance of getting the item correct since there will only be two choices left from which to make a guess. If you cannot eliminate at least three of the answer choices, you may choose not to guess, as you will be penalized one-quarter of a point for every incorrect answer. Questions not answered will not be counted. Be sure that you are marking your answer in the circle that corresponds to the number of the question in the test booklet. Since the multiple-choice section is graded by machine, marking the wrong answer will throw off your score.
Download and read online The Best Test Preparation for the College Board Achievement Test in Chemistry in PDF and EPUB Master the SAT II Chemistry Subject Test and score higher... Our test experts show you the right way to prepare for this important college exam. REA's SAT II Chemistry test prep covers all chemistry topics to appear on the actual exam including in-depth coverage of the laws of chemistry, properties of solids, gases and liquids, chemical reactions, and more. The book features 6 full-length practice SAT II Chemistry exams. Each practice exam question is fully explained to help you better understand the subject material. Use the book's Periodic Table of Elements for speedy look-up of the properties of each element. Follow up your study with REA's proven test-taking strategies, powerhouse drills and study schedule that get you ready for test day. DETAILS - Comprehensive review of every chemistry topic to appear on the SAT II subject test - Flexible study schedule tailored to your needs - Packed with proven test tips, strategies and advice to help you master the test - 6 full-length practice SAT II Chemistry Subject tests. Each test question is answered in complete detail with easy-to-follow, easy-to-grasp explanations. - The book's handy Periodic Table of Elements allows for quick answers on the elements appearing on the exam TABLE OF CONTENTS About Research and Education Association Independent Study Schedule CHAPTER 1 - ABOUT THE SAT II: CHEMISTRY SUBJECT TEST About This Book About The Test How To Use This Book Format of the SAT II: Chemistry Scoring the SAT II: Chemistry Score Conversion Table Studying for the SAT II: Chemistry Test Taking Tips CHAPTER 2 - COURSE REVIEW Gases Gas Laws Gas Mixtures and Other Physical Properties of Gases Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures Avogadro's Law (The Mole Concept) Avogadro's Hypothesis: Chemical Compounds and Formulas Mole Concept Molecular Weight and Formula Weight Equivalent Weight Chemical Composition Stoichiometry/Weight and Volume Calculations Balancing Chemical Equations Calculations Based on Chemical Equations Limiting-Reactant Calculations Solids Phase Diagram Phase Equilibrium Properties of Liquids Density Colligative Properties of Solutions Raoult's Law and Vapor Pressure Osmotic Pressure Solution Chemistry Concentration Units Equilibrium The Law of Mass Action Kinetics and Equilibrium Le Chatelier's Principle and Chemical Equilibrium Acid-Base Equilibria Definitions of Acids and Bases Ionization of Water, pH Dissociation of Weak Electrolytes Dissociation of Polyprotic Acids Buffers Hydrolysis Thermodynamics I Bond Energies Some Commonly Used Terms in Thermodynamics The First Law of Thermodynamics Enthalpy Hess's Law of Heat Summation Standard States Heat of Vaporization and Heat of Fusion Thermodynamics II Entropy The Second Law of Thermodynamics Standard Entropies and Free Energies Electrochemistry Oxidation and Reduction Electrolytic Cells Non-Standard-State Cell Potentials Atomic Theory Atomic Weight Types of Bonds Periodic Trends Electronegativity Quantum Chemistry Basic Electron Charges Components of Atomic Structure The Wave Mechanical Model Subshells and Electron Configuration Double and Triple Bonds Organic Chemistry: Nomenclature and Structure Alkanes Alkenes Dienes Alkynes Alkyl Halides Cyclic Hydrocarbons Aromatic Hydrocarbons Aryl Halides Ethers and Epoxides Alcohols and Glycols Carboxylic Acids Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Esters Amides Arenes Aldehydes and Ketones Amines Phenols and Quinones Structural Isomerism SIX PRACTICE EXAMS Practice Test 1 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 2 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 3 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 4 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 5 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers Practice Test 6 Answer Key Detailed Explanations of Answers THE PERIODIC TABLE EXCERPT About Research & Education Association Research & Education Association (REA) is an organization of educators, scientists, and engineers specializing in various academic fields. Founded in 1959 with the purpose of disseminating the most recently developed scientific information to groups in industry, government, high schools, and universities, REA has since become a successful and highly respected publisher of study aids, test preps, handbooks, and reference works. REA's Test Preparation series includes study guides for all academic levels in almost all disciplines. Research & Education Association publishes test preps for students who have not yet completed high school, as well as high school students preparing to enter college. Students from countries around the world seeking to attend college in the United States will find the assistance they need in REA's publications. For college students seeking advanced degrees, REA publishes test preps for many major graduate school admission examinations in a wide variety of disciplines, including engineering, law, and medicine. Students at every level, in every field, with every ambition can find what they are looking for among REA's publications. While most test preparation books present practice tests that bear little resemblance to the actual exams, REA's series presents tests that accurately depict the official exams in both degree of difficulty and types of questions. REA's practice tests are always based upon the most recently administered exams, and include every type of question that can be expected on the actual exams. REA's publications and educational materials are highly regarded and continually receive an unprecedented amount of praise from professionals, instructors, librarians, parents, and students. Our authors are as diverse as the fields represented in the books we publish. They are well-known in their respective disciplines and serve on the faculties of prestigious high schools, colleges, and universities throughout the United States and Canada. CHAPTER 1 - ABOUT THE SAT II: CHEMISTRY SUBJECT TEST ABOUT THIS BOOK This book provides you with an accurate and complete representation of the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test. Inside you will find a complete course review designed to provide you with the information and strategies needed to do well on the exam, as well as six practice tests based on the actual exam. The practice tests contain every type of question that you can expect to appear on the SAT II: Chemistry test. Following each test you will find an answer key with detailed explanations designed to help you master the test material. ABOUT THE TEST Who Takes the Test and What Is It Used For? Students planning to attend college take the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test for one of two reasons: (1) Because it is an admission requirement of the college or university to which they are applying; OR (2) To demonstrate proficiency in Chemistry. The SAT II: Chemistry exam is designed for students who have taken one year of college preparatory chemistry. Who Administers The Test? The SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test is developed by the College Board and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS). The test development process involves the assistance of educators throughout the country, and is designed and implemented to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate. When Should the SAT II: Chemistry be Taken? If you are applying to a college that requires Subject Test scores as part of the admissions process, you should take the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test toward the end of your junior year or at the beginning of your senior year. If your scores are being used only for placement purposes, you may be able to take the test in the spring of your senior year. For more information, be sure to contact the colleges to which you are applying. When and Where is the Test Given? The SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test is administered five times a year at many locations throughout the country; mostly high schools. To receive information on upcoming administrations of the exam, consult the publication Taking the SAT II: Subject Tests, which may be obtained from your guidance counselor or by contacting: College Board SAT Program P.O. Box 6200 Princeton, NJ 08541-6200 Phone: (609) 771-7600 Website: http://www.collegeboard.com Is There a Registration Fee? Yes. There is a registration fee to take the SAT II: Chemistry. Consult the publication Taking the SAT II: Subject Tests for information on the fee structure. Financial assistance may be granted in certain situations. To find out if you qualify and to register for assistance, contact your academic advisor. HOW TO USE THIS BOOK What Do I Study First? Remember that the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test is designed to test knowledge that has been acquired throughout your education. Therefore, the best way to prepare for the exam is to refresh yourself by thoroughly studying our review material and taking the sample tests provided in this book. They will familiarize you with the types of questions, directions, and format of the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test. To begin your studies, read over the review and the suggestions for test-taking, take one of the practice tests to determine your area(s) of weakness, and then restudy the review material, focusing on your specific problem areas. The course review includes the information you need to know when taking the exam. Be sure to take the remaining practice tests to further test yourself and become familiar with the format of the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test. When Should I Start Studying? It is never too early to start studying for the SAT II: Chemistry test. The earlier you begin, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to study, since it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material. The sooner you learn the format of the exam, the more comfortable you will be when you take the exam. FORMAT OF THE SAT II: CHEMISTRY The SAT II: Chemistry is a one-hour exam consisting of 85 multiple-choice questions. The first part of the exam consists of classification questions. This question type presents a list of statements or questions that you must match up with a group of choices lettered (A) through (E). Each choice may be used once, more than once, or not at all. The exam then shifts to relationship analysis questions which you will answer in a specially numbered section of your answer sheet. You will have to determine if each of two statements is true or false and if the second statement is a correct explanation of the first. The last section is composed strictly of multiple-choice questions with choices lettered (A) through (E). Material Tested The following chart summarizes the distribution of topics covered on the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test. Topic / Percentage / Number of Questions Atomic & Molecular Structure / 25% / 21 questions States of Matter / 15% / 13 questions Reaction Types / 14% / 12 questions Stoichiometry / 12% / 10 questions Equilibrium & Reaction Times / 7% / 6 questions Thermodynamics / 6% / 5 questions Descriptive Chemistry / 13% / 11 questions Laboratory / 8% / 7 questions The questions on the SAT II: Chemistry are also grouped into three larger categories according to how they test your understanding of the subject material. Category / Definition / Approximate Percentage of Test 1) Factual Recall / Demonstrating a knowledge and understanding of important concepts and specific information / 20% 2) Application / Taking a specific principle and applying it to a practical situation / 45% 3) Integration / Inferring information and drawing conclusions from particular relationships / 35% STUDYING FOR THE SAT II: CHEMISTRY It is very important to choose the time and place for studying that works best for you. Some students may set aside a certain number of hours every morning to study, while others may choose to study at night before going to sleep. Other students may study during the day, while waiting on line, or even while eating lunch. Only you can determine when and where your study time will be most effective. Be consistent and use your time wisely. Work out a study routine and stick to it! When you take the practice tests, try to make your testing conditions as much like the actual test as possible. Turn your television and radio off, and sit down at a quiet desk or table free from distraction. Make sure to clock yourself with a timer. As you complete each practice test, score it and thoroughly review the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly; however, do not review too much at any one time. Concentrate on one problem area at a time by reviewing the questions and explanations, and by studying our review until you are confident you completely understand the material. Keep track of your scores. By doing so, you will be able to gauge your progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections. You should carefully study the reviews that cover your areas of difficulty, as this will build your skills in those areas. TEST TAKING TIPS Although you may be unfamiliar with standardized tests such as the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test, there are many ways to acquaint yourself with this type of examination and help alleviate your test-taking anxieties. Become comfortable with the format of the exam. When you are practicing to take the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test, simulate the conditions under which you will be taking the actual test. Stay calm and pace yourself. After simulating the test only a couple of times, you will boost your chances of doing well, and you will be able to sit down for the actual exam with much more confidence. Know the directions and format for each section of the test. Familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the exam will not only save you time, but will also ensure that you are familiar enough with the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test to avoid nervousness (and the mistakes caused by being nervous). Do your scratchwork in the margins of the test booklet. You will not be given scrap paper during the exam, and you may not perform scratchwork on your answer sheet. Space is provided in your test booklet to do any necessary work or draw diagrams. If you are unsure of an answer, guess. However, if you do guess - guess wisely. Use the process of elimination by going through each answer to a question and ruling out as many of the answer choices as possible. By eliminating three answer choices, you give yourself a fifty-fifty chance of answering correctly since there will only be two choices left from which to make your guess. Mark your answers in the appropriate spaces on the answer sheet. Fill in the oval that corresponds to your answer darkly, completely, and neatly. You can change your answer, but remember to completely erase your old answer. Any stray lines or unnecessary marks may cause the machine to score your answer incorrectly. When you have finished working on a section, you may want to go back and check to make sure your answers correspond to the correct questions. Marking one answer in the wrong space will throw off the rest of your test, whether it is graded by machine or by hand. You don't have to answer every question. You are not penalized if you do not answer every question. The only penalty results from answering a question incorrectly. Try to use the guessing strategy, but if you are truly stumped by a question, remember that you do not have to answer it. Work quickly and steadily. You have a limited amount of time to work on each section, so you need to work quickly and steadily. Avoid focusing on one problem for too long. Before the Test Make sure you know where your test center is well in advance of your test day so you do not get lost on the day of the test. On the night before the test, gather together the materials you will need the next day: - Your admission ticket - Two forms of identification (e.g., driver's license, student identification card, or current alien registration card) - Two No. 2 pencils with erasers - Directions to the test center - A watch (if you wish) but not one that makes noise, as it may disturb other test-takers On the day of the test, you should wake up early (after a good night's rest) and have breakfast. Dress comfortably, so that you are not distracted by being too hot or too cold while taking the test. Also, plan to arrive at the test center early. This will allow you to collect your thoughts and relax before the test, and will also spare you the stress of being late. If you arrive after the test begins, you will not be admitted to the test center and you will not receive a refund. During the Test When you arrive at the test center, try to find a seat where you feel most comfortable. Follow all the rules and instructions given by the test supervisor. If you do not, you risk being dismissed from the test and having your scores canceled. Once all the test materials are passed out, the test instructor will give you directions for filling out your answer sheet. Fill this sheet out carefully since this information will appear on your score report. After the Test When you have completed the SAT II: Chemistry Subject Test, you may hand in your test materials and leave. Then, go home and relax! When Will I Receive My Score Report and What Will It Look Like? You should receive your score report about five weeks after you take the test. This report will include your scores, percentile ranks, and interpretive information.
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