Download and read online But Why Does It Work in PDF and EPUB If you ask students, "Why does that work?" do they know what you're asking and do you know what to listen for in their responses? Do you have images of what mathematical argument looks like in the elementary grades and how to help students learn to engage in this important practice? Do you have so much content to cover that finding time for this kind of work is difficult? But Why Does It Work? offers a simple, efficient teaching model focused on mathematical argument for developing the ability of students to justify their thinking and engage with the reasoning of others. Designed for individuals as well as study groups, this book includes access to classroom-ready instructional sequences, each built on a model supporting students in: noticing relationships across sets of problems, equations, or expressions articulating a claim about what they notice investigating their claim through representations such as manipulatives, diagrams, or story contexts using their representations to demonstrate why a claim must be true or not extending their thinking from one operation to another. Establishing a classroom culture where students gain confidence in their own mathematical voice and learn to value the contributions of their peers is a critical part of this work. The authors tell us, "If the idea underlying a student's reasoning is not made explicit, the opportunity for all students to engage in such thinking is lost." As students become a true community of mathematicians, they heighten each other's understanding by investigating questions, conjectures, and examples together. Enhanced with extensive video showing the instructional sequences in action-along with guiding focus questions and math investigations-But Why Does It Work? is a flexible approach that will help students confidently articulate and defend their reasoning, and share their deep thinking with others.
Download and read online Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom in PDF and EPUB Although proving is core to mathematics as a sense-making activity, it currently has a marginal place in elementary classrooms internationally. Blending research with practical perspectives, this book addresses what it would take to elevate the place of proving at elementary school. The book uses classroom episodes from two countries to examine different kinds of proving tasks and the proving activity they can generate in the elementary classroom. It examines further the role of teachers in mediating the relationship between proving tasks and proving activity, including major mathematical and pedagogical issues that arise for teachers as they implement each kind of proving task. In addition to its contribution to research knowledge, the book has important implications for teaching, curricular resources, and teacher education.
Download and read online Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra in PDF and EPUB "To truly engage in mathematics is to become curious and intrigued about regularities and patterns, then describe and explain them. A focus on the behavior of the operations allows students starting in the familiar territory of number and computation to progress to true engagement in the discipline of mathematics." -Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable Algebra readiness: it's a topic of concern that seems to pervade every school district. How can we better prepare elementary students for algebra? More importantly, how can we help all children, not just those who excel in math, become ready for later instruction? The answer lies not in additional content, but in developing a way of thinking about the mathematics that underlies both arithmetic and algebra. Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra invites readers to learn about a crucial component of algebraic thinking: investigating the behavior of the operations. Nationally-known math educators Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable and a group of collaborating teachers describe how elementary teachers can shape their instruction so that students learn to: *notice and describe consistencies across problems *articulate generalizations about the behavior of the operations *develop mathematical arguments based on representations to explain why such generalizations are or are not true. Through such work, students become familiar with properties and general rules that underlie computational strategies-including those that form the basis of strategies used in algebra-strengthening their understanding of grade-level content and at the same time preparing them for future studies. Each chapter is illustrated by lively episodes drawn from the classrooms of collaborating teachers in a wide range of settings. These provide examples of posing problems, engaging students in productive discussion, using representations to develop mathematical arguments, and supporting both students with a wide range of learning profiles. PLCs and book-study groups! Save $47.25 when you purchase 15 copies with the Book Study Bundle. Staff Developers: Available online, the Course Facilitator's Guide provides math leaders with tools and resources for implementing a Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra workshop or preservice course. For information on the PD course offered through Mount Holyoke College, download the flyer.
Download and read online Teachers Professional Development and the Elementary Mathematics Classroom in PDF and EPUB This book illustrates the experiences of elementary school teachers across one year's time as they participated in a teacher development seminar focused on mathematics, and as a result changed their beliefs, their knowledge, and their practices. It explores these experiences as a means of understanding the learning that takes a teacher from a more traditional teaching practice to one that is focused on the ideas and understandings that students and teachers have of the subject matter. The work emerges from and reports on a unique data set from a two-year study of teacher learning that was funded by the Spencer and MacArthur foundations. The teachers, whose work is at the center of this study, were participants in the Developing Mathematical Ideas seminar (DMI), a mathematics teacher development seminar for elementary school teachers. This seminar is one example of intensive, domain-specific professional development. In this seminar teachers study elementary mathematics content to deepen their own understanding of it, they study the development among children of the ideas central to elementary mathematics, and they experience a teaching and learning environment consistent with the pedagogy envisioned by the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics' Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. The seminar is a nationally available teacher development curriculum, thus interested educators can gain access to the resources necessary to offer similar seminars in their own communities. Teachers' Professional Development and the Elementary Mathematics Classroom: Bringing Understandings to Light will be widely interesting to a broad audience, including mathematics teacher educators, teacher education researchers, policymakers, and classroom teachers. It will serve well as a text in a range of graduate courses dealing with teacher cognition/knowledge for teaching, mathematics methods, psychology of learning, and pedagogical theory.
Download and read online Beyond Answers in PDF and EPUB The Standards for Mathematical Practice are written in clear, concise language. Even so, to interpret them and visualize what they mean for your teaching practice isn't always easy. In this practical, easy-to-read book, Mike Flynn provides teachers with a clear and deep sense of these standards and shares ideas on how best to implement them in K-2 classrooms. Each chapter is dedicated to a different practice. Using examples from his own teaching and vignettes from many other K-2 teachers, Mike does the following: Invites you to break the cycle of teaching math procedurally Demonstrates what it means for children to understand--not just do--math Explores what it looks like when young children embrace the important behaviors espoused by the practices The book's extensive collection of stories from K-2 classroom provides readers with glimpses of classroom dialogue, teacher reflections, and examples of student work. Focus questions at the beginning of each vignette help you analyze the examples and encourage further reflection. Beyond Answers is a wonderful resource that can be used by individual teachers, study groups, professional development staff, and in math methods courses.
Download and read online Becoming the Math Teacher You Wish You d Had in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Best Practices for Elementary Classrooms in PDF and EPUB There is no better way to learn the craft of teaching than by watching an expert teacher at work. In this sequel to Randi Stone's Best Classroom Practices, nationally recognized, award-winning elementary teachers showcase selected practices from their classroom repertoire to share with their colleagues. Learn what it takes to build a productive, engaged community of learners from some of the nation's best teachers in their own words. This inspirational, one-stop guide covers everything from classroom management to teaching reading, writing, math, science, social studies, music, art, technology, and physical education. You will find: - Detailed, successful teaching strategies with lists of relevant standards and materials needed - Innovative activities, projects, lesson plans, and units of study for every content area - Classroom strategies across the curriculum, including ideas for involving parents and ways to make inclusion work Best Practices for Elementary Classrooms provides a wide array of excellent lessons to choose from, road-tested by your award-winning colleagues.
Download and read online Math on the Move in PDF and EPUB "We want math to make sense to our students, and the moving body is a wonderful partner toward that goal." -Malke Rosenfeld Kids love to move. But how do we harness all that kinetic energy effectively for math learning? In Math on the Move, Malke Rosenfeld shows how pairing math concepts and whole body movement creates opportunities for students to make sense of math in entirely new ways. Malke shares her experience creating dynamic learning environments by: exploring the use of the body as a thinking tool highlighting mathematical ideas that are usefully explored with a moving body providing a range of entry points for learning to facilitate a moving math classroom. Malke pulls from both research and practice to build a framework for this work, reminding us that, "It's the partnership between the math and the whole moving body that creates opportunities for potent mathematical sense making." Filled with classroom-tested activities and detailed coaching tips, and supported with extensive online video clips, Math on the Move shows how movement can enliven the learning process rather than simply offer a break from it. Malke Rosenfeld is a dance teaching artist, author, and presenter whose interests focus on the learning that happens at the intersection of math and the moving body. She delights in creating rich environments in which children and adults can explore, make, play, and talk math based on their own questions and inclinations.
Download and read online Eyes on Math in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers A Process Approach in PDF and EPUB Freitag's MATHEMATICS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS: A PROCESS APPROACH was developed using the five Content Standards from the NCTM Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics. Traditionally, books for pre-service elementary teachers have focused on problem solving. However, problem solving is not the only process through which mathematics is learned. It is also learned through mathematical reasoning, communication, representation, and connections. Recent trends in mathematics education now advocate implementing all five processes as a vital part of learning and doing mathematics. Consequently, you need to have concrete experiences with these processes that you will be required to teach. The goal of this book is to treat each of the processes equitably by using an approach in which the five processes serve as the central pedagogical theme. Most of the examples, exercises, and activities are designed to either model the processes or to directly engage you in working with them. As a result, you will not only come to understand the different processes, but also appreciate them as an integral to learning and doing mathematics. If this broader view can be instilled, you are more likely to give your students a more well-rounded and holistic view of mathematics once you enter the classroom. The content of the book is directly related to the mathematics that is taught in grades K - 8. The purpose is not to reteach elementary mathematics. Rather, the intent is to look at the content from a theoretical or generalized point of view, so that you can better understand the concepts and processes behind the mathematics you will teach. In short, the book focuses on the why behind the mathematics in addition to the how. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Download and read online Teaching Mathematical Thinking in PDF and EPUB This new resource by math education expert Marian Small helps schools and districts to refine their teaching of standards-based mathematical practices. Small devotes a chapter to each of the eight standards of practice and includes a discussion of what each standard looks like in grades K-2, 3-5, and 6-8. Specific attention is given to helping students make sense of problems and persevere in solving them (Standard 1) and encouraging students to create viable mathematical arguments and to effectively and respectfully critique the reasoning of others (Standard 3). The author also discusses how to formatively assess student performance for each practice standard. To provide additional support to U.S. teachers in their instructional planning, this resource includes attention to the Canadian math processes of visualization and mental math and estimation.
Download and read online Teaching and Learning Proof Across the Grades in PDF and EPUB A Co-Publication of Routledge for the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) In recent years there has been increased interest in the nature and role of proof in mathematics education; with many mathematics educators advocating that proof should be a central part of the mathematics education of students at all grade levels. This important new collection provides that much-needed forum for mathematics educators to articulate a connected K-16 "story" of proof. Such a story includes understanding how the forms of proof, including the nature of argumentation and justification as well as what counts as proof, evolve chronologically and cognitively and how curricula and instruction can support the development of students’ understanding of proof. Collectively these essays inform educators and researchers at different grade levels about the teaching and learning of proof at each level and, thus, help advance the design of further empirical and theoretical work in this area. By building and extending on existing research and by allowing a variety of voices from the field to be heard, Teaching and Learning Proof Across the Grades not only highlights the main ideas that have recently emerged on proof research, but also defines an agenda for future study.
Download and read online The Formative 5 in PDF and EPUB Move the needle on math instruction with these 5 assessment techniques! Mathematics education experts Fennell, Kobett, and Wray offer five of the most impactful and proven formative assessment techniques you can implement—Observations, Interviews, “Show Me,” Hinge Questions, and Exit Tasks— every day. You’ll find that this palette of classroom-based techniques will truly assess learning and inform teaching. This book gives you a concise, research-based, classroom-dedicated plan with lots of tools to guide your daily use of The Formative 5. K-8 teachers will learn to Directly connect assessment to planning and teaching Engineer effective classroom questioning, discussions, and learning tasks Provide success criteria and feedback that moves students forward Includes a book study guide, samples, and a companion website with downloadables and multi-media examples.
Download and read online My Kids Can in PDF and EPUB Teaching mathematics to a range of learners has always been challenging. With the widespread use of inclusion and RTI, having a variety of effective teaching options for students who struggle is more important than ever. In My Kids Can, you'll get instructional strategies that allow all struggling math learners to move along the path toward grade-level competency. In My Kids Can teachers share successful ways to work with struggling students. Their instruction is aligned with the NCTM standards and guided by five powerful core principles. Make mathematical thinking explicit. Link assessment and teaching. Build understanding through talk. Expect students to take responsibility for their own learning and support them as they do. Work collaboratively with special education staff to plan effective instruction. These teachers describe how they use whole-group, small-group, and individual instruction as well as other strategies that hold kids to high expectations while scaffolding content and processes across the math curriculum. In addition, an accompanying DVD presents classroom footage of their teaching and includes the language, dialogue, and teaching moves you'll adapt for success with your students. The DVD also contains teacher interviews that answer difficult questions of practice. Best of all, with professional learning questions and video analyses, My Kids Can is great for individuals, teacher study groups, staff development, and preservice courses. Help every child grow as a mathematician. Trust your fellow teachers for instruction that works. Read My Kids Can and use its proven-effective strategies and its professional supports to build on your students' strengths and address their learning needs.
Download and read online Which One Doesn t Belong in PDF and EPUB