Black Slaves Indian Masters

Filename: black-slaves-indian-masters.pdf
ISBN: 9781469607108
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 211
Author: Barbara Krauthamer
Publisher: UNC Press Books

Download and read online Black Slaves Indian Masters in PDF and EPUB Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South


Black Slaves Indian Masters

Filename: black-slaves-indian-masters.pdf
ISBN: 9781469607115
Release Date: 2013-08-01
Number of pages: 232
Author: Barbara Krauthamer
Publisher: UNC Press Books

Download and read online Black Slaves Indian Masters in PDF and EPUB From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes' removal from the Deep South to Indian Territory. The tribes formulated racial and gender ideologies that justified this practice and marginalized free black people in the Indian nations well after the Civil War and slavery had ended. Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflicts among Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States. In this groundbreaking study, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the history of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to reveal the centrality of Native American slaveholders and the black people they enslaved. Krauthamer's examination of slavery and emancipation highlights the ways Indian women's gender roles changed with the arrival of slavery and changed again after emancipation and reveals complex dynamics of race that shaped the lives of black people and Indians both before and after removal.


Black Slaves Indian Masters

Filename: black-slaves-indian-masters.pdf
ISBN: 1469621878
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Number of pages: 232
Author: Barbara Krauthamer
Publisher:

Download and read online Black Slaves Indian Masters in PDF and EPUB From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes' removal from the Deep South to Indian Territory. Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflicts among Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States. In this groundbreaking study, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the history of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to reveal the centrality of Native American slaveholders and the black people they enslaved.


Red Over Black

Filename: red-over-black.pdf
ISBN: STANFORD:36105001970750
Release Date: 1977
Number of pages: 218
Author: R. Halliburton
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

Download and read online Red Over Black in PDF and EPUB Appendix A presents interviews with ex-slaves "conducted during the 1930s."


Envisioning Emancipation

Filename: envisioning-emancipation.pdf
ISBN: 1439909865
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 223
Author: Deborah Willis
Publisher:

Download and read online Envisioning Emancipation in PDF and EPUB What freedom looked like for black Americans in the Civil War era


African Cherokees in Indian Territory

Filename: african-cherokees-in-indian-territory.pdf
ISBN: 0807877549
Release Date: 2009-09-15
Number of pages: 376
Author: Celia E. Naylor
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

Download and read online African Cherokees in Indian Territory in PDF and EPUB Forcibly removed from their homes in the late 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians brought their African-descended slaves with them along the Trail of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia E. Naylor vividly charts the experiences of enslaved and free African Cherokees from the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma's entry into the Union in 1907. Carefully extracting the voices of former slaves from interviews and mining a range of sources in Oklahoma, she creates an engaging narrative of the composite lives of African Cherokees. Naylor explores how slaves connected with Indian communities not only through Indian customs--language, clothing, and food--but also through bonds of kinship. Examining this intricate and emotionally charged history, Naylor demonstrates that the "red over black" relationship was no more benign than "white over black." She presents new angles to traditional understandings of slave resistance and counters previous romanticized ideas of slavery in the Cherokee Nation. She also challenges contemporary racial and cultural conceptions of African-descended people in the United States. Naylor reveals how black Cherokee identities evolved reflecting complex notions about race, culture, "blood," kinship, and nationality. Indeed, Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and equal rights that began in the nineteenth century continues even today in Oklahoma.


Slavery in Indian Country

Filename: slavery-in-indian-country.pdf
ISBN: 0674048903
Release Date: 2010
Number of pages: 329
Author: Christina Snyder
Publisher: Harvard University Press

Download and read online Slavery in Indian Country in PDF and EPUB Traces the history of slavery in pre-colonial North America, describing Native American enslavement of prisoners of war and the shift of their captivity practices after white settlement of the continent.


The Other Slavery

Filename: the-other-slavery.pdf
ISBN: 9780544602670
Release Date: 2016-04-12
Number of pages: 448
Author: Andrés Reséndez
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Download and read online The Other Slavery in PDF and EPUB A landmark history — the sweeping story of the enslavement of tens of thousands of Indians across America, from the time of the conquistadors up to the early 20th century Since the time of Columbus, Indian slavery was illegal in much of the American continent. Yet, as Andrés Reséndez illuminates in his myth-shattering The Other Slavery, it was practiced for centuries as an open secret. There was no abolitionist movement to protect the tens of thousands of natives who were kidnapped and enslaved by the conquistadors, then forced to descend into the “mouth of hell” of eighteenth-century silver mines or, later, made to serve as domestics for Mormon settlers and rich Anglos. Reséndez builds the incisive case that it was mass slavery, more than epidemics, that decimated Indian populations across North America. New evidence, including testimonies of courageous priests, rapacious merchants, Indian captives, and Anglo colonists, sheds light too on Indian enslavement of other Indians — as what started as a European business passed into the hands of indigenous operators and spread like wildfire across vast tracts of the American Southwest. The Other Slavery reveals nothing less than a key missing piece of American history. For over two centuries we have fought over, abolished, and tried to come to grips with African-American slavery. It is time for the West to confront an entirely separate, equally devastating enslavement we have long failed truly to see.


Race and the Cherokee Nation

Filename: race-and-the-cherokee-nation.pdf
ISBN: 9780812290172
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Number of pages: 200
Author: Fay A. Yarbrough
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

Download and read online Race and the Cherokee Nation in PDF and EPUB "We believe by blood only," said a Cherokee resident of Oklahoma, speaking to reporters in 2007 after voting in favor of the Cherokee Nation constitutional amendment limiting its membership. In an election that made headlines around the world, a majority of Cherokee voters chose to eject from their tribe the descendants of the African American freedmen Cherokee Indians had once enslaved. Because of the unique sovereign status of Indian nations in the United States, legal membership in an Indian nation can have real economic benefits. In addition to money, the issues brought forth in this election have racial and cultural roots going back before the Civil War. Race and the Cherokee Nation examines how leaders of the Cherokee Nation fostered a racial ideology through the regulation of interracial marriage. By defining and policing interracial sex, nineteenth-century Cherokee lawmakers preserved political sovereignty, delineated Cherokee identity, and established a social hierarchy. Moreover, Cherokee conceptions of race and what constituted interracial sex differed from those of blacks and whites. Moving beyond the usual black/white dichotomy, historian Fay A. Yarbrough places American Indian voices firmly at the center of the story, as well as contrasting African American conceptions and perspectives on interracial sex with those of Cherokee Indians. For American Indians, nineteenth-century relationships produced offspring that pushed racial and citizenship boundaries. Those boundaries continue to have an impact on the way individuals identify themselves and what legal rights they can claim today.


White Slaves African Masters

Filename: white-slaves-african-masters.pdf
ISBN: 0226034046
Release Date: 1999-05-15
Number of pages: 310
Author: Paul Baepler
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online White Slaves African Masters in PDF and EPUB Contains primary source material.


Islam s Black Slaves

Filename: islam-s-black-slaves.pdf
ISBN: 9780374527976
Release Date: 2002-02-09
Number of pages: 273
Author: Ronald Segal
Publisher: Macmillan

Download and read online Islam s Black Slaves in PDF and EPUB A comprehensive study of the Eastern slave trade by an eminent British scholar A companion volume to The Black Diaspora, this groundbreaking work tells the fascinating and horrifying story of the Islamic slave trade. Islam's Black Slaves documents a centuries-old institution that still survives, and traces the business of slavery and its repercussions from Islam's inception in the seventh century, through its history in China, India, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Libya, and Spain, and on to Sudan and Mauritania, where, even today, slaves continue to be sold. Ronald Segal reveals for the first time the numbers involved in this trade--as many millions as were transported to the Americas--and explores the differences between the traffic in the East and the West. Islam's Black Slaves also examines the continued denial of the very existence of this sector of the black diaspora, although it survives today in significant numbers; and in an illuminating conclusion, Segal addresses the appeal of Islam to African-American communities, and the perplexing refusal of Black Muslim leaders to acknowledge black slavery and oppression in present-day Mauritania and Sudan. A fitting companion to Segal's previous work, Islam's Black Slaves is a fascinating account of an often unacknowledged tradition, and a riveting cross-cultural commentary.


Slavery and the Evolution of Cherokee Society 1540 1866

Filename: slavery-and-the-evolution-of-cherokee-society-1540-1866.pdf
ISBN: 0870495305
Release Date: 1987
Number of pages: 207
Author: Theda Perdue
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

Download and read online Slavery and the Evolution of Cherokee Society 1540 1866 in PDF and EPUB Explores how the Cherokee altered their social and political structure, and economic system to adapt to the European value system during the colonization of the New World


Trail Sisters

Filename: trail-sisters.pdf
ISBN: 0896728102
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 186
Author: Linda Williams Reese
Publisher:

Download and read online Trail Sisters in PDF and EPUB "Traces the journey of African American women enslaved by the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Creek Nations from arrival in Indian Territory to free-citizen status in 1890"--Provided by publisher.


Slavery at Sea

Filename: slavery-at-sea.pdf
ISBN: 9780252098994
Release Date: 2016-11-01
Number of pages: 296
Author: Sowande M Mustakeem
Publisher: University of Illinois Press

Download and read online Slavery at Sea in PDF and EPUB Most times left solely within the confine of plantation narratives, slavery was far from a land-based phenomenon. This book reveals for the first time how it took critical shape at sea. Expanding the gaze even more widely, the book centers on how the oceanic transport of human cargoes--known as the infamous Middle Passage--comprised a violently regulated process foundational to the institution of bondage. Sowande' Mustakeem's groundbreaking study goes inside the Atlantic slave trade to explore the social conditions and human costs embedded in the world of maritime slavery. Mining ship logs, records and personal documents, Mustakeem teases out the social histories produced between those on traveling ships: slaves, captains, sailors, and surgeons. As she shows, crewmen manufactured captives through enforced dependency, relentless cycles of physical, psychological terror, and pain that led to the making--and unmaking--of enslaved Africans held and transported onboard slave ships. Mustakeem relates how this process, and related power struggles, played out not just for adult men, but also for women, children, teens, infants, nursing mothers, the elderly, diseased, ailing, and dying. As she does so, she offers provocative new insights into how gender, health, age, illness, and medical treatment intersected with trauma and violence transformed human beings into the most commercially sought commodity for over four centuries.


Black Indians

Filename: black-indians.pdf
ISBN: 9781442446373
Release Date: 2012-01-03
Number of pages: 254
Author: William Loren Katz
Publisher: Simon and Schuster

Download and read online Black Indians in PDF and EPUB Traces the history of relations between blacks and American Indians, and the existence of black Indians, from the earliest foreign landings through pioneer days.