Are 5 Practice Problems for the Architect Registration Exam

Filename: are-5-practice-problems-for-the-architect-registration-exam.pdf
ISBN: 1591265169
Release Date: 2016-11-16
Number of pages: 136
Author: David Kent Ballast
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Are 5 Practice Problems for the Architect Registration Exam in PDF and EPUB ARE 5 Practice Problems contains more than 600 problems designed to reinforce your knowledge of the topics presented in the ARE 5 Review Manual. Problems are organized according to the ARE 5.0 exam divisions. All the exam-problem formats are presented, including multiple choice, case study, check-all-that-apply, fill-in-the-blank, drag-and-place, and hot spot formats. Clearly explained solutions are provided for all problems to supplement your review. ARE 5 Practice Problems will help you to effectively familiarize yourself with the exam scope and problem formats successfully connect relevant theory to exam-like problems quickly identify accurate and efficient problem-solving approaches assess essential knowledge, skills, and analytical abilities ARE Divisions Covered Practice Management Project Management Programming & Analysis Project Planning & Design Project Development & Documentation Construction & Evaluation


ARE 5 Practice Exam for the Architect Registration Exam

Filename: are-5-practice-exam-for-the-architect-registration-exam.pdf
ISBN: 1591265177
Release Date: 2016-10-19
Number of pages: 336
Author: David Kent Ballast
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online ARE 5 Practice Exam for the Architect Registration Exam in PDF and EPUB ARE 5 Practice Exam contains six practice exams consistent with the NCARB Architect Registration Exam (ARE 5.0) format and divisions. All exam divisions are covered, with one practice exam for each ARE 5.0 division. The problem formats in this book mimic those on the exam and include multiple choice, check-all-that-apply, fill-in-the-blank, drag-and-place, and hot spot formats. Short, realistic problems focus on individual architecture concepts, while longer, more complex case study problems challenge your skills in identifying and applying related architecture concepts. Enhance your time-management skills by taking each exam within the same time limit as the actual exam. Then, evaluate your performance using the six individual answer keys. Comprehensive and clear solutions demonstrate accurate and efficient problem-solving approaches. ARE 5 Practice Exam will help you effectively familiarize yourself with the exam scope and format quickly identify accurate and efficient problem-solving approaches successfully connect relevant theory to exam-like problems efficiently navigate through exam-adopted codes and standards confidently solve problems under timed conditions Topics Covered Practice Management Project Management Programming & Analysis Project Planning & Design Project Development & Documentation Construction & Evaluation


Structural Systems

Filename: structural-systems.pdf
ISBN: 159126331X
Release Date: 2010-12
Number of pages: 111
Author: Rima Taher
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Structural Systems in PDF and EPUB Updated to the 2009 International Building Code Get the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Structural Systems division of the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) with Structural Systems: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 125 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank. A sample vignette prepares you for the graphic portion of the exam. Clearly explained solutions, are provided to supplement your review. Also included is a realistic 125-problem practice exam that simulates the actual exam experience through content areas covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. The practice exam includes a vignette covering structural layout just like the actual exam. Coverage of the Structural Systems Content Areas Concrete Structures Connections Foundation Systems Lateral Forces: Principles Notable Structures and Engineers Seismic Design Statics and Strength of Materials Steel Structures Structural Analysis Truss Analysis Walls and Retaining Walls Wind Design Wood Structures Structural Layout Vignette Features and Benefits Challenging sample problems in the same format as the exam provide the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Structural Systems division of the ARE. Downloadable PDF files, which can be can be imported into your drafting software, allow you to practice creating graphic vignette solutions. Practical tips for approaching the multiple choice sections, solving the vignettes, and using the vignette software help you avoid common mistakes. Updated codes and standards provide you with the most current ARE review materials.


ARE 5 Review Manual for the Architect Registration Exam

Filename: are-5-review-manual-for-the-architect-registration-exam.pdf
ISBN: 9781591265153
Release Date: 2016-09-26
Number of pages: 1088
Author: David Kent Ballast, FAIA, NCARB, CSI
Publisher: www.ppi2pass.com

Download and read online ARE 5 Review Manual for the Architect Registration Exam in PDF and EPUB Comprehensive Architect Registration Exam 5.0 Coverage The ARE 5 Review Manual is the most comprehensive textbook for the Architect Registration Exam 5.0 (ARE 5.0). All six exam divisions are covered with thorough explanations for each of the division’s sections. Over 150 example problems demonstrate how to apply key architectural concepts, codes, and standards. Cross references to more than 100 tables and nearly 400 figures will point you to additional support material when you need it. The extensive index contains thousands of entries so you can prepare for the exam by easily finding division sections and concepts. This book features • thorough coverage of all divisions and their sections • over 150 clarifying examples • industry-standard terminology and nomenclature • exam advice, tips, and strategies After you pass your exam, the ARE 5 Review Manual will continue to serve as an invaluable reference throughout your architectural career.


Programming Planning and Practice ARE Mock Exam

Filename: programming-planning-and-practice-are-mock-exam.pdf
ISBN: 9781612650067
Release Date: 2012-05
Number of pages: 128
Author: Gang Chen
Publisher: ArchiteG, Inc.

Download and read online Programming Planning and Practice ARE Mock Exam in PDF and EPUB A Practical Guide & Mock Exam for the Programming, Planning & Practice (PPP) Division of the ARE Every July, NCARB begins to recreate the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) questions based on a new guide and scope. We always incorporate this latest information into our books. To become a licensed architect, you need to have a proper combination of education and/or experience, meet your Board of Architecture's special requirements, and pass all seven divisions of ARE. This book provides an ARE exam overview, suggested reference and resource links, exam prep and exam taking techniques, tips and guides, and a realistic and complete mock exam with solutions and explanations for the Programming, Planning & Practice (PPP) Division of the ARE. More specifically this book covers the following subjects: ARE, IDP, and Education Requirements ARE Exam Content, Format, and Prep Strategies Codes and Regulations Environmental, Social & Economic Issues Programming & Analysis Project Budget & Financing Project & Practice Management Site Zoning Two Graphic Vignettes with Step-By-Step Solutions Using the NCARB Practice Program Software Instructions on Installing Alternate DWG Files for Use with NCARB Software The mock exam includes 85 challenging questions of the same difficulty level and format as the real exam (multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank), and two graphic vignettes. This book will help you pass the PPP division of the ARE and become a licensed architect! Can you study and pass the ARE Programming, Planning & Practice (PPP) Exam in 2 weeks? The answer is yes IF you study the right materials: If you have ZERO experience but read the right materials, you can pass with 2 weeks of prep. If you study our book, "Programming, Planning & Practice ARE Mock Exam," you have an excellent chance of studying and passing the ARE Programming, Planning & Practice (PPP) Exam in 2 weeks. We have added many tips and tricks that WILL help you pass the exam on your first try. Our goal is to take a very complicated subject and make it simple. "Programming, Planning & Practice ARE Mock Exam" will save you time and money and help you pass the exam on the first try! About the author Gang Chen holds a master's degree from the School of Architecture, University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, and a bachelor's degree from the School of Architecture, South China University of Technology. He has more than 20 years of professional experience. Many of the projects he was in charge of or participated in have been published extensively in Architecture, Architectural Record, The Los Angeles Times, The Orange County Register, and more. He has worked on a variety of unusual projects, including well-known, large-scale healthcare and hospitality projects with over one billion dollars in construction costs, award-winning school designs, highly-acclaimed urban design and streetscape projects, multifamily housing, high-end custom homes, and regional and neighborhood shopping centers. Gang Chen is a LEED AP BD+C and a licensed architect in California. He is also the internationally acclaimed author of other fascinating books, including Building Construction, Planting Design Illustrated, the ARE Mock Exam series, and the LEED Exam Guide series, which includes one guidebook for each of the LEED exams. For more information, visit www.GreenExamEducation.com


Construction Documents Services

Filename: construction-documents-services.pdf
ISBN: 1591263239
Release Date: 2011
Number of pages: 92
Author: Holly Williams Leppo
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Construction Documents Services in PDF and EPUB Updated to the 2007 AIA Documents Get the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Construction Documents & Services division of the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) with Construction Documents & Services: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 123 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank. A sample vignette prepares you for the graphic portion of the exam. Clearly explained solutions, are provided to supplement your review. Also included is a realistic 100-problem practice exam that simulates the actual exam experience through content areas covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. The practice exam includes a building section vignette just like the actual exam. Coverage of the Construction Documents & Services Content Areas Bidding Procedures and Documents Codes and Regulations Construction Administration Services Construction Drawings Contractual Documents Project and Practice Management Project Manual and Specifications Building Section Vignette Features and Benefits Challenging sample problems in the same format as the exam provide the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Construction Documents & Services division of the ARE. Downloadable PDF files, which can be can be imported into your drafting software, allow you to practice creating graphic vignette solutions. Practical tips for approaching the multiple choice sections, solving the vignettes, and using the vignette software help you avoid common mistakes. Updated codes and standards provide you with the most current ARE review materials.


Programming Planning Practice

Filename: programming-planning-practice.pdf
ISBN: 1591263271
Release Date: 2010-12
Number of pages: 80
Author: Holly Williams Leppo
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Programming Planning Practice in PDF and EPUB Updated to the 2007 AIA Documents and the 2009 International Building Code Get the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Programming, Planning & Practice division of the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) with Programming, Planning & Practice: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 88 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank. A sample vignette prepares you for the graphic portion of the exam. Clearly explained solutions, are provided to supplement your review. Also included is a realistic 85-problem practice exam that simulates the actual exam experience through content areas covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. The practice exam includes a vignette covering site zoning just like the actual exam. Coverage of the Programming, Planning & Practice Content Areas Codes and Regulations Environmental, Social and Economic Issues Programming and Analysis Project Budget and Financing Project and Practice Management Site Zoning Features and Benefits Challenging sample problems in the same format as the exam provide the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Programming, Planning & Practice division of the ARE. Downloadable PDF files, which can be can be imported into your drafting software, allow you to practice creating graphic vignette solutions. Practical tips for approaching the multiple choice sections, solving the vignettes, and using the vignette software help you avoid common mistakes. Updated codes and standards provide you with the most current ARE review materials.


ARE Review Manual Second Edition

Filename: are-review-manual-second-edition.pdf
ISBN: 9781591263210
Release Date: 2010-12-08
Number of pages: 800
Author: David Kent Ballast, FAIA, CSI, NCIDQ Certification No. 9425
Publisher: www.ppi2pass.com

Download and read online ARE Review Manual Second Edition in PDF and EPUB Updated to the 2007 AIA Documents and the 2009 International Building Code Successful exam preparation requires the best resources, and the ARE Review Manual gives you the power to pass all seven divisions of the ARE. This one book, updated to the 2007 AIA documents and the 2009 International Building Code, provides you with a complete and comprehensive review of the content areas covered on the ARE divisions. Additional chapters covering basic mathematics, important building regulations, and barrier-free design supplement your preparation regime. ARE Divisions Covered Building Systems Building Design & Construction Systems Construction Documents & Services Programming, Planning, & Practice Schematic Design Site Planning & Design Structural Systems Prepare to Pass All Seven Divisions of the ARE with a thorough review of all the content areas covered hundreds of tables and figures exam advice to help you avoid common mistakes guidelines to effectively focus your preparation a revised edition with updated codes and standards


Building Systems

Filename: building-systems.pdf
ISBN: 1591263298
Release Date: 2010-12
Number of pages: 86
Author: Holly Williams Leppo
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Building Systems in PDF and EPUB Updated to the 2009 International Building Code Get the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Building Systems division of the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) with Building Systems: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 123 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank. A sample vignette prepares you for the graphic portion of the exam. Clearly explained solutions, are provided to supplement your review. Also included is a realistic 95-problem practice exam that simulates the actual exam experience through content areas covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. The practice exam includes a vignette covering mechanical and electrical plans just like the actual exam. Coverage of the Building Systems Content Areas Acoustics Codes and Regulations Electrical Environmental Issues HVAC Lighting Plumbing Specialties Mechanical and Electrical Plan Vignette Features and Benefits Challenging sample problems in the same format as the exam provide the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Building Systems division of the ARE. Downloadable PDF files, which can be can be imported into your drafting software, allow you to practice creating graphic vignette solutions. Practical tips for approaching the multiple choice sections, solving the vignettes, and using the vignette software help you avoid common mistakes. Updated codes and standards provide you with the most current ARE review materials.


Schematic Design

Filename: schematic-design.pdf
ISBN: 1591261252
Release Date: 2008
Number of pages: 56
Author: David Kent Ballast
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Schematic Design in PDF and EPUB To pass the Schematic Design division of the ARE, you will need to successfully design two vignettes--one building layout vignette and one interior layout vignette. Schematic Design: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam gives you the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for this division. Sharpen your problem-solving skills, increase your problem-solving speed and confidence, and assess essential knowledge. Each vignette includes a site plan where you create your solution. In addition to being included in the book, site plans are also available online and can be downloaded as a PDF. These site plans are accompanied by valuable tips for creating passing solutions on the actual computerized exam. Also included are fully explained examples of passing and failing designs to help you sharpen your problem-solving skills. Realistic Practice for the Schematic Design Division 4 challenging sample vignettes A realistic practice exam with two additional vignettes Each vignette includes a site plan where you create your solution Valuable tips for creating passing solutions on the actual computerized exam Fully explained examples of passing and failing designs Coverage of the Schematic Design Topics Building Layout Interior Layout _____________________________ Since 1975 more than 2 million people preparing for their engineering, surveying, architecture, LEED®, interior design, and landscape architecture exams have entrusted their exam prep to PPI. For more information, visit us at www.ppi2pass.com.


Building Design Construction Systems

Filename: building-design-construction-systems.pdf
ISBN: 1591263255
Release Date: 2010-12
Number of pages: 114
Author: David Kent Ballast
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Building Design Construction Systems in PDF and EPUB Get the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Building Design & Construction Systems division of the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) with Building Design & Construction Systems: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 88 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank. A sample vignette prepares you for the graphic portion of the exam. Clearly explained solutions, are provided to supplement your review. Also included is a realistic 85-problem practice exam that simulates the actual exam experience through topics covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. The practice exam includes a vignette covering accessibility and ramps, roof plans, and stair design just like the actual exam. Coverage of the Building Design & Construction Systems Content Areas Codes and Regulations Concrete Doors, Windows, and Glazing Finish Materials Masonry Material Costs Metals Moisture Protection and Thermal Insulation Principles Site Planning and Design Vertical Transportation Wood Accessibility/Ramp Roof Plan Vignette Stair Design Vignette Features and Benefits Challenging sample problems in the same format as the exam provide the realistic practice you need to successfully prepare for the Building Design & Construction Systems division of the ARE. Downloadable PDF files, which can be can be imported into your drafting software, allow you to practice creating graphic vignette solutions. Practical tips for approaching the multiple choice sections, solving the vignettes, and using the vignette software help you avoid common mistakes. Updated codes and standards provide you with the most current ARE review materials.


Site Planning Design ARE Mock Exam SPD of Architect Registration Exam

Filename: site-planning-design-are-mock-exam-spd-of-architect-registration-exam.pdf
ISBN: 9781612650111
Release Date: 2012-11
Number of pages: 162
Author: Gang Chen
Publisher: ArchiteG, Inc.

Download and read online Site Planning Design ARE Mock Exam SPD of Architect Registration Exam in PDF and EPUB A Practical Guide & Mock Exam for the Site Planning & Design (SPD) Division of the ARE Every July, NCARB begins to recreate the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) questions based on a new guide and scope. We always incorporate this latest information into our books. To become a licensed architect, you need to have a proper combination of education and/or experience, meet your Board of Architecture's special requirements, and pass all seven divisions of ARE. This book provides an ARE exam overview, suggested reference and resource links, exam prep and exam taking techniques, tips and guides, and a realistic and complete mock exam with solutions and explanations for the Site Planning & Design (SPD) Division of the ARE. More specifically this book covers the following subjects: ARE, IDP, and Education Requirements ARE Exam Content, Format, and Prep Strategies Principles Codes and Regulations Environmental, Social & Economic Issues Materials & Technology Project & Practice Management Site Grading Site Design Four Graphic Vignettes with Step-By-Step Solutions Using the NCARB Practice Program Software Instructions on Installing Alternate dwg Files for Use with NCARB Software Instructions on Saving and Installing Various Solution Files for Use with NCARB Software The mock exam includes 65 challenging questions of the same difficulty level and format as the real exam (multiple-choice, check-all-that-apply, and fill-in-the-blank), and four graphic vignettes solutions. This book will help you pass the SPD division of the ARE and become a licensed architect Can you study and pass the ARE Site Planning & Design Exam (SPD) in 2 weeks? The answer is yes IF you study the right materials: If you have ZERO experience but read the right materials, you can pass with 2 weeks of prep. If you study our book, "Site Planning & Design ARE Mock Exam," you have an excellent chance of studying and passing the ARE Site Planning & Design (SPD) Exam in 2 weeks. We have added many tips and tricks that WILL help you pass the exam on your first try. Our goal is to take a very complicated subject and make it simple. "Site Planning & Design ARE Mock Exam" will save you time and money and help you pass the exam on the first try About the author Gang Chen holds a master's degree from the School of Architecture, University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, and a bachelor's degree from the School of Architecture, South China University of Technology. He has more than 20 years of professional experience. Many of the projects he was in charge of or participated in have been published extensively in Architecture, Architectural Record, The Los Angeles Times, The Orange County Register, and more. He has worked on a variety of unusual projects, including well-known, large-scale healthcare and hospitality projects with over one billion dollars in construction costs, award-winning school designs, highly-acclaimed urban design and streetscape projects, multifamily housing, high-end custom homes, and regional and neighborhood shopping centers. Gang Chen is a LEED AP BD+C and a licensed architect in California. He is also the internationally acclaimed author of other fascinating books, including Building Construction, Planting Design Illustrated, the ARE Mock Exam series, and the LEED Exam Guides series, which includes one guidebook for each of the LEED exams. For more information, visit www.GreenExamEducation.com


ARE 5 Review Manual for the Architect Registration Exam

Filename: are-5-review-manual-for-the-architect-registration-exam.pdf
ISBN: 9781591265153
Release Date: 2016-09-26
Number of pages: 1088
Author: David Kent Ballast, FAIA, NCARB, CSI
Publisher: www.ppi2pass.com

Download and read online ARE 5 Review Manual for the Architect Registration Exam in PDF and EPUB Comprehensive Architect Registration Exam 5.0 Coverage The ARE 5 Review Manual is the most comprehensive textbook for the Architect Registration Exam 5.0 (ARE 5.0). All six exam divisions are covered with thorough explanations for each of the division’s sections. Over 150 example problems demonstrate how to apply key architectural concepts, codes, and standards. Cross references to more than 100 tables and nearly 400 figures will point you to additional support material when you need it. The extensive index contains thousands of entries so you can prepare for the exam by easily finding division sections and concepts. This book features • thorough coverage of all divisions and their sections • over 150 clarifying examples • industry-standard terminology and nomenclature • exam advice, tips, and strategies After you pass your exam, the ARE 5 Review Manual will continue to serve as an invaluable reference throughout your architectural career.


Are Secrets Study Guide

Filename: are-secrets-study-guide.pdf
ISBN: 1609712013
Release Date: 2015-02-25
Number of pages: 284
Author: Mometrix Media
Publisher: Mometrix Media LLC

Download and read online Are Secrets Study Guide in PDF and EPUB ***Includes Practice Test Questions*** ARE Secrets helps you ace the Architect Registration Examination, without weeks and months of endless studying. Our comprehensive ARE Secrets study guide is written by our exam experts, who painstakingly researched every topic and concept that you need to know to ace your test. Our original research reveals specific weaknesses that you can exploit to increase your exam score more than you've ever imagined. ARE Secrets includes: The 5 Secret Keys to ARE Success: Time is Your Greatest Enemy, Guessing is Not Guesswork, Practice Smarter, Not Harder, Prepare, Don't Procrastinate, Test Yourself; A comprehensive General Strategy review including: Make Predictions, Answer the Question, Benchmark, Valid Information, Avoid Fact Traps, Milk the Question, The Trap of Familiarity, Eliminate Answers, Tough Questions, Brainstorm, Read Carefully, Face Value, Prefixes, Hedge Phrases, Switchback Words, New Information, Time Management, Contextual Clues, Don't Panic, Pace Yourself, Answer Selection, Check Your Work, Beware of Directly Quoted Answers, Slang, Extreme Statements, Answer Choice Families; A comprehensive Pre-Design review including: Traffic Noise, Contour lines, Design Development Phase, On-Site Utility Studies, Dynamic compaction, Floor Area Ratio (FAR), Asbestos, Travel Distance to Exits, Permeability, International Building Code, Vegetated swales, Right of way, Esthetic zoning, Down zoning, Special use permits; A comprehensive General Structures review including: Flat Plate Floor System, Types of Loads, Proctor test, One-Way Joist Floor System, Advantages of Concrete Structures, Post-tensioned concrete, Roof Loads, Progressive Collapse, Flexure Theory, Columns, Fillet weld, Howe truss, Shear Stress versus Shear Strain, Modulus of Rigidity, Arch, Compressive (or tensile) Stress; A comprehensive Lateral Forces review including: Design wind pressure, Liquefaction, Seismic waves, Snow loading, and much more...


Site Planning Design

Filename: site-planning-design.pdf
ISBN: 1591261546
Release Date: 2008-11
Number of pages: 72
Author: David Kent Ballast
Publisher: Professional Publications Incorporated

Download and read online Site Planning Design in PDF and EPUB Successfully Prepare for the Site Planning & Design Division of the ARE Get the realistic problem-solving practice you need to pass the Site Planning & Design division of the ARE with Site Planning & Design: ARE Sample Problems and Practice Exam. 63 challenging sample problems are presented in the same formats as the problems on the exam, including multiple choice, check all that apply, and fill in the blank. Two sample vignettes in Site Design and Site Grading are designed to help build your confidence and prepare you for the exam. Clearly explained solutions, many of which are enhanced with study notes, are provided to supplement your review. After completing the sample problems, make sure you are fully prepared for the exam by taking the realistic practice exam. Designed to help you manage your study time effectively by identifying your areas of strength and weakness, the practice exam includes 65 multiple-choice problems as well as Site Grading and Site Design vignettes. This practice exam mirrors the actual exam through the topics covered, length, level of difficulty, format, and the use of logical distractors. Coverage of the Site Planning & Design Topics Circulation and Parking Urban Development and Community Influences Climate and Sustainable Design Other Site Design Influences Legal and Economic Influences Site Design Site Analysis Site Grading Transportation and Utilities _____________________________ Since 1975 more than 2 million people preparing for their engineering, surveying, architecture, LEED®, interior design, and landscape architecture exams have entrusted their exam prep to PPI. For more information, visit us at www.ppi2pass.com.