Download and read online A Theory of Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the laws of my country tell me to do? Beginning with carefully argued accounts of social groups in general and political societies in particular, the author argues that in central, standard senses of the relevant terms membership in a political society in and of itself obligates one to support that society's political institutions. The obligations in questionare not moral requirements derived from general moral principles, as is often supposed, but a matter of one's participation in a special kind of commitment: joint commitment. An agreement is sufficient but not necessary to generate such a commitment. Gilbert uses the phrase 'plural subject' to referto all of those who are jointly committed in some way. She therefore labels the theory offered in this book the plural subject theory of political obligation.The author concentrates on the exposition of this theory, carefully explaining how and in what sense joint commitments obligate. She also explores a classic theory of political obligation --- actual contract theory --- according to which one is obligated to conform to the laws of one's country because one agreed to do so. She offers a new interpretation of this theory in light of a theory of plural subject theory of agreements. She argues that actual contract theory has more merit than has beenthought, though the more general plural subject theory is to be preferred. She compares and contrasts plural subject theory with identification theory, relationship theory, and the theory of fair play. She brings it to bear on some classic situations of crisis, and, in the concluding chapter,suggests a number of avenues for related empirical and moral inquiry.Clearly and compellingly written, A Theory of Political Obligation will be essential reading for political philosophers and theorists.
Download and read online A Theory of Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB How should we understand the relationship between citizens and governments, and what are the obligations of citizens? In this substantially revised new edition of an influential text, John Horton challenges dominant theories by offering an 'associative' account focusing particularly on what it is to be a member of a political community.
Download and read online Political Obligations in PDF and EPUB Providing a full defence of the theory of political obligation George Klosko presents arguments based on a number of key principles, as well as commenting on popular attitudes and how the state views them.
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Download and read online Rethinking Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB What are the grounds for and limits to obedience to the state? This book offers a fresh analysis of the debate concerning the moral obligation to obey the state, develops a novel account of political obligation and provides the first detailed argument of how a theory of political obligation can apply to subjects of an unjust state.
Download and read online Political And Legal Obligation in PDF and EPUB At a point in history marked by dramatic challenges to the existing political and social order, the question of legal and political obligation emerges as a focal point of international concern. Amid the clamor for radical change in the established order, theories of political obligation demand renewed examination. In this volume, eighteen leading specialists in the legal, philosophical, and political science aspects of the question, offer their views on this timely topic. Part I examines the nature of moral, legal, and political obligation. The first essay presents a set of defi nitions that denies the very existence of obligation. The second essay disagrees particularly with respect to the relationship of political to moral tenets, and the third discusses the highly complex interplay between law and morality. Part II takes up the conditions of obligation and of obedience. The fi rst essay in this part discusses the conditions necessary to generate a "felt obligation." The second paper, concentrates on exposing key obstacles to the empirical proof that behavior is, or is not, motivated by "felt obligation." While the third draws upon a large body of literature and court decisions dealing with compliance to the law. The fourth essay is a case study of Rome, probing the role of obligation during that citys seven centuries of existence without a police force, and the ultimate breakdown of the system. Part III highlights ethical considerations that arise out of civil disobedience. The first essay proposes a rather restrictive defi nition of civil disobedience, and then embarks on a surprising examination of this subject in the light of the traditional arguments for "just war." Following that, is a broader examination of disobedience, emphasizing a contextual approach and applying, as a test, the likelihood of public good that will result from disobedience. Scholars and students in the areas of law, philosophy, and political science will find this volume a vital addition to their libraries.
Download and read online Political Obligation in Its Historical Context in PDF and EPUB Mr Dunn addresses the central questions of political philosophy from an unusually broad variety of perspectives.
Download and read online Moral Principles and Political Obligations in PDF and EPUB Outlining the major competing theories in the history of political and moral philosophy--from Locke and Hume through Hart, Rawls, and Nozick--John Simmons attempts to understand and solve the ancient problem of political obligation. Under what conditions and for what reasons (if any), he asks, are we morally bound to obey the law and support the political institutions of our countries?
Download and read online The Principle of Fairness and Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB In The Principle of Fairness and Political Obligation, George Klosko presents the first book-length treatment of political obligation grounded in the premises of liberal political theory. In this now-classic work, he clearly and systematically formulates what others thought impossible-a principle of fairness that specifies a set of conditions which grounds existing political obligations and bridges the gap between the abstract accounts of political principles and the actual beliefs of political actors. Brought up-to-date with a new introduction, this new edition will be of great interest to all interested in political thought.
Download and read online Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB Reprint of the first edition. Roscoe Pound recommended this book in The Study of American Law for its discussion of legal rights, powers, liberties, privileges and liabilities (38). Green [1836-1882], Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford University, was one of the most influential philosophers of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligations is his most important work. Its object is to demonstrate, on the basis of his general moral philosophy, the ethical position of the state, in particular the extent to which moral authority is justifiable and obedience to law morally obligatory. Extracted from Volume II of The Works of Thomas Hill Green (1885), it went on to become a standard textbook on political theory in Great Britain and the United States. A durable work, it is still cited today.
Download and read online Liberal Rights and Responsibilities in PDF and EPUB In this work, Christopher Heath Wellman offers original theories of political legitimacy and our obligation to obey the law, and then, building upon these accounts, defends a number of distinctive positions concerning the rights and responsibilities individual citizens, separatist groups, and political states have regarding one another.
Download and read online Wayward Contracts in PDF and EPUB Why did the language of contract become the dominant metaphor for the relationship between subject and sovereign in mid-seventeenth-century England? In Wayward Contracts, Victoria Kahn takes issue with the usual explanation for the emergence of contract theory in terms of the origins of liberalism, with its notions of autonomy, liberty, and equality before the law. Drawing on literature as well as political theory, state trials as well as religious debates, Kahn argues that the sudden prominence of contract theory was part of the linguistic turn of early modern culture, when government was imagined in terms of the poetic power to bring new artifacts into existence. But this new power also brought in its wake a tremendous anxiety about the contingency of obligation and the instability of the passions that induce individuals to consent to a sovereign power. In this wide-ranging analysis of the cultural significance of contract theory, the lover and the slave, the tyrant and the regicide, the fool and the liar emerge as some of the central, if wayward, protagonists of the new theory of political obligation. The result is must reading for students and scholars of early modern literature and early modern political theory, as well as historians of political thought and of liberalism.
Download and read online Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation in PDF and EPUB Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.
Download and read online Principles And Theory In Political Science Vol 1 in PDF and EPUB This Book Deals With The Principles And The Theory Of Political Science. Besides The Introductory Portion Including Definition, Scope, Value, Nature And Methods Of Political Science, This Book Includes The Discussion On All Those Topics Which Find A Place In The Syllabi Of Political Theory Or Principles Of Political Science In Any Indian University. These Include : Political Power, Behavioural And Post-Behavioural Revolutions, The State, The Rise And Growth Of Nation States, The Political System, Sovereignty, Monist And Pluralist View Of Sovereignty, The Theory Of Rights, Concepts Of Liberty, Concept Of Equality, Law And International Law, Concept Of Property, Concept Of Justice, Political Obligation, Political Revolution, Punishment Etc.As Political Sociology Is Today An Integral Part Of Political Science, This Book Deals With The Main Concepts Of Political Sociology Including Political Development, Political Culture, Political Socialisation, Political Participation, Political Recruitment, Political Elites, Political Alienation, Political Communication, Political Legitimacy And Effectiveness And Bureaucracy.Principles Of Political Science Deal With The Theories Of State And Government. Thus, This Book Discusses Forms Of Government, Democracy, Socialism, Marxism, Syndicalism, Guild Socialism, Evolutionary Socialism, Fabianism, Anarchism, Fascism, Liberalism, Individualism And Sarvodaya. A Bibliography Has Been Given At The End For Those Who Desire To Go To Originals And Have A Wide Study Of The Subjects.